Promising and provable solid mineral resources in the shelf and abyssal deposits in Vietnam

The article discusses development prospects of the deep sea mining sector in Vietnam. The information on geological exploration implemented by the Vietnamese Center for Marine Geology and Minerals in the South China Sea is given. The main useful components in the provable solid mineral deposits, their contents, adjacency and horizons are revealed. The main minerals of the bottom deposits in the exclusive economic zone of Vietnam include: ilmenite, zircon, rutile, anatase, monocyte, xenotime, cassiterite and, partly, gold. The feedstock for production of construction materials and the chemical raw materials are discovered, too. The continental slope and the bottom of the South China Sea hold ferriferous manganese mineralization and pyrite. The principal shelf and abyssal deposits in the South China Sea are described. The need to continue and expand geological exploration, independently and in team work with other countries, is emphasized.

Keywords: world ocean, shelf deposit, monocyte, rutile, zircon, cassiterite, placers, occurrence depth, useful component content, geological exploration, solid minerals, South China Sea, ferro-manganese nodules, pyrite, gold, deep sea, weathering products.
For citation:

Ngo Tran Thien Quy, Kirichenko Yu. V., Shchyokina M. V. Promising and provable solid mineral resources in the shelf and abyssal deposits in Vietnam. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(9):103-112. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_9_0_103.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2021
Page number: 103-112
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 550.8
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_9_0_103
Article receipt date: 21.01.2021
Date of review receipt: 14.05.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.08.2021
About authors:

Ngo Tran Thien Quy1, Graduate Student, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, University of Natural Sciences, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, e-mail:,
Yu.V. Kirichenko1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor,
M.V. Shchyokina1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.


For contacts:

M.V. Shchyokina, e-mail:


1. Le Duc To Fundamental problems. South China Sea. Vol. 1. Hanoi, Natural Science and Technology Publishing House, 2009.

2. Mai Thanh Tan Geology and Geophysics. South China Sea. Vol. 3. Hanoi, Natural Science and Technology Publishing House, 2003.

3. Du Van Toan A study of marine mineral resource management policies in Vietnam. Konferentsiya: Politika upravleniya mineral'nymi resursami vo V'etname [Conference: Mineral Resource Management Policies in Vietnam], Hanoi, October, 2009.

4. Vu Truong Son, Hoang Anh Khyen, Trin Nguyen Tinh Assessment of the prospect of location of the coastal zone of Vietnam (depth 0—100m) and the direction of research — exploitation. Journal of Geology. 2011, vol. 327—328.

5. Tran Van Tri, Wu Hook Geologiya i zemel'nye resursy V'etnama [Geology and land resources of Vietnam], Hanoi, Science and Technology Publishing House, 2011.

6. Do Minh Diep, Ton Nu Mi Du Preliminary studies of Fe-Mn nodules on the deep seabed of Southeast Vietnam. Nauchnaya konferentsiya «B'en Dong» [Scientific conference «Bien Dong»], Nha Trang, 2000.

7. Nam B. X., Giao H. S. Status of development orientations for mining titanium placers in Vietnam. Mining Science and Technology. 2016, no. 1, pp. 40–50. DOI: 10.17073/2500-06322016-1-40-50.

8. Kirichenko Yu. V., Kashirsky A. S. Deposits of solid mineral raw materials of the World Ocean and the potential of its use. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2015, no. 9, pp. 251–259. [In Russ].

9. Ngo Chan Thien Cui, Kirichenko Yu.V. Mineral potential of subsea deposits in the South China Sea of Vietnam. Russian Mining Industry. 2020, no. 1, pp. 140—143. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2020-1-140-143.

10. Genov R., Dimitrov T., Kirov B. Geologiya i mineral'nye resursy Mirovogo okeana [Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean], Warsaw, Intermorgeo, 1990.

11. Drobadenko V. P., Vilmis A. L., Lukonina O. A., Markelov S. V. Problems and prospects for the development of mineral resources of the bottom of the seas and oceans. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2019, no. 11, pp. 44—49. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2019.11.07.

12. ISA. Marine mineral resourse, 2004.

13. Pinxian Wang, Qianyu Li, Chun-Feng Li Geology of the China Seas. Elsevier, 2004.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.