Prospects for the big data information resource in geotechnical risks control during the metro facilities construction

Authors: Potapova E.V.

Underground construction at the present stage is experiencing new approaches to the design and creation of underground facilities. This is especially evident in metro construction. The construction of metro facilities is always accompanied by the instability of the external environment, which leads to the development of geotechnical risks. In order to be able to manage disparate and often chaotic data about potential hazards at all stages of the life cycle of an underground facility, it is necessary to attract the information resource Big Data. Until a few years ago, this resource had no practical use in metro construction and was used only for scientific analysis. However, the volume of data on the external environment grew, and the problem of huge arrays of unstructured and heterogeneous information became relevant for use in underground construction.Simulation is of particular interest in Big Data for underground construction because of the huge variety and number of data that can be collected in a BIM environment, as well as the ability to quickly analyze them. At the same time, the designer receives a model that can function similarly to a real underground object, which significantly reduces the number of design errors and unreliable calculations, and reduces the time for design. The implementation of such modeling and monitoring at the construction site gives a unique chance to control all the necessary parameters-from the optimal technological solution to ways to minimize geotechnical risks. An overview of the possibility of using Big Data for geotechnical risk management in metro construction is given in this article. The review takes into account the results of the geotechnical risk management methodology developed by the author based on Big Data. A comparison of the use of BigData and a traditional archive is given. Modern tools for working with “big data”are considered.

Keywords: Big Data, information resource, analysis, risk factors, geotechnical risks, risk management, risk archive, information modeling (BIM).
For citation:

Potapova E.V. Prospects for the big data information resource in geotechnical risks control during the metro facilities construction. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(2—1):155-163. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-155-163.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 2
Year: 2021
Page number: 155-163
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 69.035.4
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-155-163
Article receipt date: 09.07.2020
Date of review receipt: 18.01.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 01.02.2021
About authors:

Potapova E.V., Post-graduate, Department “Construction of Underground Structures and Mining Enterprises”, NUST «MISiS», Moscow, Russia, e-mail: elka23sp@yandex.ru.

For contacts:
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