Improvement of processing efficiency for carbonate–fluorite ore of the Transbaikal–Mongolia province

Processing of complex and rebellious finely disseminated carbonate–fluorite ore with low content of fluorite, adjoining limestone and carbonate is a challenging problem. Selection of calcium-bearing minerals, with similar crystal chemistry and flotation properties becomes more difficult with decreasing calcium-to-carbonate ratio and needs new approaches to combinations of selective depressors for minerals of no interest. The problem of production of high-quality concentrates can be solved by developing and studying process flow charts. It is proposed to apply the new approach to intensification of flotation of carbonate–fluorite ore by means of using new collecting agents, without pulp heating, and with new selective depressors for carbonate minerals toward production of high-quality fluorite concentrates. The article presents a case study of carbonate–fluorite ore processing flow charts prepared for testing and further introduction at Bor-Öndör Fluorspar Concentrator Plant (Republic of Mongolia). A simple flotation circuit is recommended for application. This circuit provides selection of calcium minerals, flotation of fluorite, depression of carbonates and production of FF-97A grade fluorite concentrate.

Keywords: processing, flotation, fluorite, carbonate, reagents, collecting agents, concentrates, intensification.
For citation:

Fat'yanov A. V., Nikitina L. G., Shcheglova S.A. Improvement of processing efficiency for carbonate–fluorite ore of the Transbaikal–Mongolia province. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(10):115-122. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-10-0-115-122.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 10
Year: 2020
Page number: 115-122
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.765
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-10-0-115-122
Article receipt date: 25.10.2019
Date of review receipt: 03.03.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.09.2020
About authors:

A.V. Fat'yanov1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: fatyanov.albert@yandex.ru,
L.G. Nikitina1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Deputy Dean for Фcademic Affairs of the Mining Faculty, e-mail: nikitina-lg@mail.ru,
S.A. Shcheglova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: ssheglova@mail.ru,
1 Transbaikal State University, 672039, Chita, Russia. 

For contacts:

L.G. Nikitina, e-mail: nikitina-lg@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Fat'yanov A. V., Nikitina L. G., Glotova E. V. Tekhnologiya obogashcheniya flyuoritovykh rud [Fluorite ore processing technology], Novosibirsk, Nauka, 2006, 196 p.

2. Fat'yanov A. V., Nikitina L. G., Shcheglova S.A., Dolgikh O. L. Efficient flotation technology for high-grade fluorite concentrate production in development of new deposits in Transbaikal Area. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2011, no 3, pp. 82—84. [In Russ].

3. Fat'yanov A. V., Nikitina L. G., Shcheglova S.A. Processing of carbonate–fluorite ore of Mongolia and Transbaikal deposits. Vestnik Zabaykal’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2017, no 4 (23), pp. 33—37. [In Russ].

4. Astakhov R.YA., Nikiforov K.A., Mokhosoev M. V. Selektivnaya flotatsiya flyuoritkarbonatnykh rud [Selective carbonate–fluorite ore concentration], Novosibirsk, Nauka, 1983, 137 p.

5. Gamova O. L., Nikitina L. G., Fat'yanov A. V., Shcheglova S.A. Patent RU 2360742. 2009.

6. Dolgikh O. L. Sovershenstvovanie reagentnogo rezhima flotatsii karbonatno-flyuoritovykh rud Mongolo-Zabaykal'skoy provintsii [Reagent regime improvement for flotation of carbonate–fluorite ore from the Transbaikal–Mongolia Province], Candidate’s thesis, Chita, ZabGU, 2013, 120 p.

7. Dolgikh O. L. Perlastan agent as an alternative to oleinic acid in flotation of fluorite. Vestnik Zabaykal’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2012, no 9 (88), pp. 20—26. [In Russ].

8. Shalyugina M. F., Bobrakova A. N. Processing technology for highly calcitic fluorite ore of the Örgön deposit, Mongolia. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2012, no 11, pp. 67—69. [In Russ].

9. Kienko L.A., Samatova L. R., Voronova O. V. Improvement of flotation selectivity in carbonate–fluorite ore processing in the Perm Krai. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2013, no 12, pp. 63—67. [In Russ].

10. Kienko L.A., Voronova O. V. Use of highly selective modifiers in flotation of carbonate–fluorite ore in Primorye. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2015. СВ 30, pp. 213—219. [In Russ].

11. Fat'yanov A. V., Nikitina L. G., Shcheglova S.A., Dolgikh O. L., Avdeev P. B., Zemskiy E. V., Shchekotov N. D., Khurlee Ganpurev Patent RU 2564550. 2015.

12. Khat'kova A. N., Nikitina L. G., Pateyuk S.A. Floatability of borogypsum with perlastan. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no 11, pp. 160—171. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-110-160-171. [In Russ].

13. Pople J.A. Molecular association in liquids: II. A theory of the structure of water. Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 1951. Vol. 205. No 1081. Pp. 163–178.

14. Mielczarski J.A., Mielczarski E., Cases J. M. Dynamics of fluorite-oleate interactions. Langmuir, 1998. Vol. 15. No 2. Pp. 500—508.

15. Matsuno T., Kadota M., Ishiguro Y. Separation of gypsum by the flotation process. Bulletin of the Society of Salt Science. 1958. Vol. 12. No 2. Pp. 73—78

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.