Improving accuracy of navigation using gyroscopes with regard to gyro drift and azimuth error

The article indentifies the current problems in development of gyro instruments. Underground mining operations need navigation using gyroscopes. The existing gyro instruments are discussed. This specific equipment lacks demand, and only gyro compasses enjoy commercialization. The review of the scientific works on the measurement accuracy of gyro compasses proves the timely character of this study. The ways of improving navigation accuracy are shown, and the optimal variant is selected for the current conditions, which assumes a new method of gyro azimuth calculation. The instruments and equipment required for the study, as well as the methods of gyro azimuth measurement and calculation are described. The azimuth error is a constant error which has a prevailing influence on the root mean squarer error of starting. Sokkia gyro stations take into account gyro drifts and azimuth errors, which can improve navigation accuracy. The values of gyro azimuths are correlated with the instrument operation time. It is proposed to compensate azimuth errors by adjusting the values of gyro azimuths using this correlation.

Keywords: navigation using gyroscopes, gyro azimuth, gyro compass, gyro theodolite, gyro station, drift, constant error, measurement accuracy.
For citation:

Gusev V. N., Puporevich A. A. Improving accuracy of navigation using gyroscopes with regard to gyro drift and azimuth error. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(10):134145. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_10_0_134.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 10
Year: 2021
Page number: 134-145
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 528.526.6, 528.022.62
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_10_0_134
Article receipt date: 26.04.2021
Date of review receipt: 03.06.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.09.2021
About authors:

V.N. Gusev1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: kmd@spmi.ru,
A.A. Puporevich1, Graduate Student,
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

 

For contacts:

A.A. Puporevich, e-mail: puporevich.anna@gmail.com.

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