Application of red mud as admixture for concrete and ceramics

The manufacturability of a dense sintered ceramic material applicable in construction using red mud of Urals Aluminum Smelter (UAS) is studied. Alumina extraction from bauxite results in by-production of much red mud placed in slurry dumps which generate large man made zones nearby alumina plants. Red mud dumps contain valuable components (iron oxide, alumina, alkalis). When in storage, they pollute the biosphere with harmful species. The initial feedstock for the mixture preparation was UAS’ red mud and quartz sand from Kamensk-Uralsky deposit. The mixture composition was Fe2O3–SiO2–Al2O3. The optimal ratios of the mixture components, and the parameters of molding, drying and roasting are found experimentally. Roasting produces a ceramic material with high physicochemical properties. It is found that the ceramic cake made of red much possesses high acid resistance and high mechanical strength. Its application as an aggregate for any strength concrete may be in high demand. Red mud may find application in manufacture of refractory materials. The obtained product may be used in manufacture of ceramics (clinker bricks, slurry–stone casting, tiling, etc.) and iron ore pellets.

Keywords: red mud, slurry dump, recycling, feedstock, eutectics in Fe–SiO2–Al2O3, acid-resistant products, concrete aggregate, clay.
For citation:

Lebedev A. B., Кonkin S. N. Application of red mud as admixture for concrete and ceramics. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(12):79-95. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2023_12_0_79.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2023
Page number: 79-95
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 669.712.1.002.68, 679.7.022.43, 678.021.98
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_12_0_79
Article receipt date: 03.03.2023
Date of review receipt: 05.06.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.11.2023
About authors:

A.B. Lebedev1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Researcher, Scientific Center «Problems of Processing of Mineral and Technogenic Resources», e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8081-9301,
S.N. Кonkin1, Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0009-0005-2353-7913,
1 Empress Catherine II Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.


For contacts:

A.B. Lebedev, e-mail:


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