Strata drainage to prevent accumulation of atmospheric precipitations in rock dumps

In the areas of low bald mountains, external dumps are mostly located in small ravines and in valleys of deflected streams. Rainfalls flow from the shoulders of the mountains into the former river valleys, which, in combination with silting of the river bed composed of clayey rocks, result in formation of manmade aquifers. As a consequence of saturation of external dump bottom with water, landslides take place in the bottom and under it. Landsliding displaces colossal volumes of rocks [1], which inflicts ecological and economic damage [2]. The article presents a procedure of slope stability prediction in waterеd dumps under the action of active shearing forces and reactive shear resistance. The algorithm of the manmade aquifer level prediction in the body of a dump is described, and the structure and parameters of a drainage facility (strata drainage–drainage bank–drain trench) to ensure the aquifer unloading are calculated. The issue of dewatering of an external dump by strata drainage made of strong non-soaking rocks in the dump bottom is discussed. The drainage effect on the main criterion of dump instability and deformation risk–theoretical stability factor–is illustrated. Owing to the strata drainage in the dump bottom, the stability factor of the geotechnical facility grows by 10 to 18% subject to the dump height, bottom slope and shear resistance of the bottom rocks.

Keywords: dump watering, strata drainage, dump stability, deformation risk factor, open pit mining, manmade aquifer, dump drainage, overburden dump.
For citation:

Pimenov Z. G., Bakhaeva S. P. Strata drainage to prevent accumulation of atmospheric precipitations in rock dumps. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(10):43-55. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_10_0_43.

Issue number: 10
Year: 2023
Page number: 43-55
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.271:622.831
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_10_0_43
Article receipt date: 01.02.2023
Date of review receipt: 20.06.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.09.2023
About authors:

Z.G. Pimenov1, Junior Researcher, e-mail:
S.P. Bakhaeva1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail:,
1 T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, 650000, Kemerovo, Russia.


For contacts:

Z.G. Pimenov, e-mail:


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