Application of DC/AC converters in self-contained power supply systems based on wind generators in the conditions of the Arctic Shelf

Mineral deposits of the Arctic Shelf feature territorial distribution and remoteness from the centralized sources of electric power, and need self-contained power supply systems independent of fuel supplies, such as wind or solar generators. In turn, high-performance operation of power-generating plants driven by renewable sources requires advanced electric energy transducers to reach the maximum efficiency. Continuous running of power-generating plants together with the centralized network needs instantaneous and complete synchronization to be ensured. The present study used statistical data on power generation by wind turbines, as well as the method of loop currents and nodal voltages for DC–DC and DC–AC converters. With a view to confirming the studies, the mathematical and computer-aided simulations of a transformerless DC–DC converter were carried out, and the control systems were developed to ensure synchronization of a self-contained power system based on renewable energy sources with the power grid. The modeling proved efficiency of DC–DC and DC–AC converters in provision of a preset voltage level and in phase synchronization of the wind generator of the self-contained power system with the power grid.

Keywords: Arctic Shelf, renewable energy sources, DC–DC converters, direct current, alternate current, power supply modeling, control timer, wind generator, self-contained power supply system, automatic control system.
For citation:

Zimin R. Yu., Serzhan S. L., Malevannyi D. V. Application of DC/AC converters in self-contained power supply systems based on wind generators in the conditions of the Arctic Shelf. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(6):69-87. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2024_6_0_69.

Issue number: 6
Year: 2024
Page number: 69-87
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 621.314.12
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_6_0_69
Article receipt date: 10.01.2024
Date of review receipt: 09.02.2024
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.05.2024
About authors:

R.Yu. Zimin1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0498-8904,
S.L. Serzhan1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2248-9156,
D.V. Malevannyi 1, Graduate Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8597-8002,
1 Empress Catherine II Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.


For contacts:

R.Yu. Zimin, e-mail:


1. Serzhan S. L., Malevannyi D. V., Fedorov E. V., Dadayan L. M. Prospects of application of a production complex with a capsule in the conditions of mining on the russian federation shelf ironmanganese nodules. Mining Equipment and Electromechanics. 2022, no. 4 (162), pp. 3—11. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.26730/1816-4528-2022-4-3-11.

2. Abdelfatah A., Mostafa S., Hatem F. S. Optimal operational planning of RES and HESS in smart grids considering demand response and DSTATCOM functionality of the interfacing inverters. Sustainability. 2022, vol. 14, no. 20, article 13209. DOI: 10.3390/su142013209.

3. Nor Hanisah Baharudin, Tunku Muhammad Nizar Tunku Mansur, Fairuz Abdul Hamid, Rosnazri Ali, Muhammad Irwanto Misrun.Topologies of DC-DC converter in solar PV applications. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. 2017, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 368—374. DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v8.i2.pp368-374.

4. Subir Karmakar, Nidhi Mishra, Bhim Singh FFS modulated VSC with different phaseshifted 12-pulse configured transformers for grid integrated large-scale solar PV plant. Renewable Power Generation. 2021, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1746—1754. DOI: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2019.0970.

5. Seyed Milad Hosseinikavkani, Reza Sedaghati, Amir Ghaedi A novel topology of nonisolated DC-DC high step up converters for solar PV power plants. Journal of Integrated Circuits and Systems. 2022, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 1—6. DOI: 10.29292/jics.v17i2.604.

6. Anwar Al Omar, Pat Wheeler, Pericle Zanchetta, Claudio Burgos-Mellado A fixed frequency full-bridge three-level DC-DC LCL-type series resonant converter for large scale solar PV plants applications. European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications. 2021. DOI: 10.23919/ EPE21ECCEEurope50061.2021.957070715.

7. Uthirasamy R., Kumar Chinnaiyan V., Vishnukumar S., Karthick A., Mohanavel V., Subramaniam U., Muhibbullah M. Design of boosted multilevel DC-DC converter for solar photovoltaic system. International Journal of Photoenergy. 2022, vol. 1-23. DOI: 10.1155/2022/1648474.

8. Amrouayache M. Proposal of a sizing algorithm for an optimal design of DC/DC converters used in photovoltaic conversion. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (IJEEI). 2022, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 534—548. DOI: 10.52549/ijeei.v10i3.3890.

9. Sikorski A., Falkowski P., Korzeniewski M. Comparison of two power converter topologies in wind turbine system. Energies. 2021, vol. 14, no. 20, article 6574. DOI: 10.3390/en14206574.

10. Taghavi M., Delkhosh H., Moghaddam M. P., Fini A. S. Combined PV-Wind hosting capacity enhancement of a hybrid AC/DC distribution network using reactive control of convertors and demand flexibility. Sustainability. 2021, vol. 14, no. 13, article 7558. DOI: 10.3390/su14137558.

11. Gang Du, Dongmei Zhao, Xin Liu, Zhiqiang Wu, Chao Li Decentralized robust dispatch for multi-area AC/DC system considering wind power uncertainty. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. 2021, pp. 2710—2720. DOI: 10.1049/gtd2.12209.

12. Zhenshan Zhu, Dichen Liu, Qingfen Liao, Fei Tang, Jun Jason Zhang, Huaiguang Jiang Optimal power scheduling for a medium voltage AC/DC hybrid distribution network. Sustainability. 2018, vol. 10, no. 2, article 318. DOI: 10.3390/su10020318.

13. Kumar Abhishek Singh Kalpana Chaudhary Decentralized robust dispatch for multi-area AC/ DC system considering wind power uncertainty. IET Power Electron. 2021, vol. 14, pp. 302—312. DOI: 10.1049/pel2.1203.

14. Bilal Naji Alhasnawi, Basil H. Jasim, Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam, Frede Blaabjerg. A new robust control strategy for parallel operated inverters in green energy applications. Energies. 2020, vol. 13, no. 13, article 3480. DOI: 10.3390/en13133480.

15. Ibrahim Alhamrouni, Mohamed Salem, Younes Zahraoui, Bazilah Ismail, Awang Jusoh, Tole Sutikno Multi-input interleaved DC-DC converter for hybrid renewable energy applications. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics. 2022, vol. 11, pp. 1765—1778. DOI: 10.11591/eei. v11i3.3779.

16. Sangwongwanich Ariya F., Blaabjerg F. Mitigation of Interharmonics in PV systems with maximum power point tracking modification. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 2019, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 8279—8282. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2019.2902880.

17. Vasudevan R., Ramalakshmi S. Dynamic stability improvement of power system with VSCHVDC transmission. International Journal of Engineering & Technology. 2018, vol. 7, pp. 500—503. DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.27.18003.

18. Kai Qu, Gangquan Si, Zeyu Yang, Yuehui Huang, Pai Li Correlation modeling of multiple wind farms based on piecewise cloud representation and regular vine copulas. Energy Reports. 2020, vol. 6, pp. 289—297. DOI: 10.1016/j.egyr.2020.11.239.

19. Krizsky V. N., Viktorov S. V., Luntovskaya Y. A. Modeling the transient resistance of trunk pipeline insulation based on measurements of the magnetic induction vector modulus. Journal of Mathematical Models and Computer Simulations. 2023, no. 2, pp. 312—322. DOI: 10.1134/ S2070048223020102.

20. Krizsky V. N., Kosarev O. V., Aleksandrov P. N., Luntovskaya Y. A. Mathematical modeling of the electric field of an in-line diagnostic probe of a cathode-polarized pipeline. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023. OnlineFirst, pp. 1—10. [In Russ].

21. Lyakhomskii A. V., Gerasimov A. I. Contact voltage modeling for electrical installation bodies with phase-to-ground fault in open pit mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 12, pp. 169—178. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_12_0_169.

22. Shepovalov O. Mandatory characteristics and parameters of photoelectric systems, arrays and modules and methods of their determining. Energy Procedia. 2019, vol. 157, no. 9, pp. 1434—1444. DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.11.308.

23. Faria J., Pombo J., do Rosário Calado M., Mariano S. Power management control strategy based on artificial neural networks for standalone PV applications with a hybrid energy storage system. Energies. 2019, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 1—24. DOI: 10.3390/en12050902.

24. Xiaobing Kong, Lele Ma, Xiangjie Liu, Mohamed Abdelkarim Abdelbaky Wind turbine control using nonlinear economic modelpredictive control over all operating regions. Energies. 2020, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1—21. DOI: 10.3390/en13010184.

25. Shklyarskiy Ya. E., Skamyin A. N., Jiménez Carrizosa M. Energy efficiency in the mineral resources and raw materials complex. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023, vol. 261, pp. 323—324. [In Russ].

26. Shpenst V. A., Belsky A. A., Orel E. A. Improving the efficiency of autonomous electrical complex with renewable energy sources by means of adaptive regulation of its operating modes. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023, vol. 261, pp. 479—492. [In Russ].

27. Zhukovskiy Y. L., Vasiliev B. Y., Korolev N. A., Malkova Y. M. Analysis of the behavior of asynchronous electric drive with a closed scalar control system when changing the inductance of the magnetizing circuit. Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology. 2022, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 65—78.

28. Moein Taghavi, Hamed Delkhosh, Mohsen Parsa Moghaddam, Alireza Sheikhi Fini Combined PV-wind hosting capacity enhancement of a hybrid AC/DC distribution network using reactive control of convertors and demand flexibility. Sustainability. 2022, vol. 14, no. 13, article 7558. DOI: 10.3390/ su14137558.

29. Limberger F., Rümpker G., Lindenfeld M., Deckert H. Development of a numerical modelling method to predict the seismic signals generated by wind farms. Scientific Reports. 2022, vol. 12, no. 1. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-19799-w.

30. Ermuhanov R. K. Problem of development of Russian shelf deposits. Ustoychivoe razvitie nauki i obrazovaniya. 2019, no. 4, pp. 185—188. [In Russ].

31. Desaulty A. M., Climent D. M., Lefebvre G., Cristiano-Tassi A., Peralta D., Perret S., Urban A., Guerrot C. Tracing the origin of lithium in Li-ion batteries using lithium isotopes. Nature Communications. 2022, vol. 13, pp. 1—10. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-31850-y.

32. Elistratov V., Denisov R., Konishchev M. Reducing the Arctic carbon footprint through lowcarbon technologies and wind power plants. AIP Conference Proceedings. 2022, vol. 2636, no. 1, article 050004. DOI: 10.1063/5.0104405.

33. Korolev N., Solovev S. Monitoring the technical condition of autonomous electrical systems with electric drive. E3S Web of Conferences. 2019, vol. 140, article 04015. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/201914004015.

34. Ning Li, Yongquan Zhou, Qifang Luo, Huajuan Huang Discrete complex-valued code pathfinder algorithm for wind farm layout optimization problem. Energy Conversion and Management X. 2022, vol. 16, no. 9, article 100307. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecmx.2022.100307.

35. Grigorev E., Nosov V. Improving quality control methods to test strengthening technologies: a multilevel model of acoustic pulse flow. Applied Sciences (Switzerland). 2022, vol. 12, no. 9, article 4549. DOI: 10.3390/app12094549.

36. Zhukovskiy Y., Koshenkova A., Vorobeva V., Rasputin D., Pozdnyakov R. Assessment of the impact of technological development and scenario forecasting of the sustainable development of the fuel and energy complex. Energies. 2023, vol. 16, no. 7, article 3185. DOI: 10.3390/en16073185.

37. Ilushin Yu., Martirosyan A. The development of the soderberg electrolyzer electromagnetic field’s state monitoring system. Scientific Reports. 2024, vol. 14, article 3501. DOI: 10.1038/s41598024-52002-w.

38. Sychev Yu. A., Kostin V. N., Serikov V. A., Aladin M. E. Nonsinusoidal modes in power-supply systems with nonlinear loads and capacitors in mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023, no. 1, pp. 159—179. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_1_0_159.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.