Problems and prospects of environmental safety of mining regions

In the modern world of the development of science and technology, the inevitable impact of the mining industry on the environment often becomes a decisive condition for the growth of production. The impact of the coal mining industry is particularly strong on all components of the environment. The water basin, the earth’s surface, the subsoil are most affected, and the air basin, flora and fauna are polluted. Household, industrial, quarry and mine waste waters are constantly discharged into water bodies, the hydrochemical and hydrodynamic regimes of ground and surface waters are disturbed. Lands are littered with waste from coal mining and processing and are withdrawn from land use. The atmosphere is polluted by emissions of burning rock dumps, aspiration systems, municipal and industrial boiler houses, mining equipment. In order to change the environmental situation in the zones of influence of mining enterprises, it is necessary to conduct detailed monitoring of emissions and discharges into the air and water environment, carefully monitor the quality of drinking water, create treatment facilities in a short time, and develop plans for measures to protect the earth’s surface in advance. The authors carried out an analytical review of the main problems of environmental safety in mining regions, analyzed statistical data on global coal consumption, studied air quality in various regions, and considered prospects for improving the environmental situation in mining regions.

Keywords: state of the environment, coal, coal mining, coal industry, regions, environmental problems, regional ecology, environmental protection measures.
For citation:

Kolesnikova L.A., Kovalchuk T.V. Problems and prospects of environmental safety of mining regions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(2—1):275-286. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2021-21-0-275-286.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 2
Year: 2021
Page number: 275-286
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.85:622.33
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-275-286
Article receipt date: 04.12.2020
Date of review receipt: 19.12.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 01.02.2021
About authors:

Kolesnikova L.A.1,2, Cand. Sci. (Econom.), associate professor, e-mail: luzu@yandex.ru;
Kovalchuk T.V.1, Master of the Department of Technosphere Security;
1 NUST«MISiS», Moscow, Russia;
2 Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.

 

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