Prediction of the integrity of the water-protective stratum at the Verkhnekamskoye potash ore deposit

The paper presents a study of the stress-strain state of rocks composing the waterprotective strata during the development of the first western block of the second northwest panel (2 — NWP) at the Bereznikovsky Potash Production Department No. 4 (BKPRU-4) mine, Verkhnekamskoe potassium-magnesium salt deposit. Mineral development is carried out at a depth of 380 m. The numerical implementation of the model is carried out by the finite element method in the Simulia Abaqus software package using a viscoelastic-plastic geomechanical model of sylvinite rock. The parametric support of the rheological model is carried out on the basis of laboratory studies of rock samples. The forecast was carried out for a period of 150 years after the panel was fully developed. The mathematical model is made in the formulation of plane deformation. The integrity of the WPS sections was checked on the basis of Protodyakonov strength criterion. It has been established that without the use of measures to ensure the integrity of the WPS, a hydraulically connected system of water-conducting cracks is formed, which can lead to flooding of the mine and the formation of karst sinkholes. This system is close to goaf and has a width of 8 meters along the length of the block, and has a minimum length equal to the width of the block — 50 m. Based on the results of the study, it is necessary to apply measures to ensure the integrity of the WPS, taking into account the rheological nature of deformation of the interchamber pillars.

Keywords: salt rocks, rheological properties of salt rocks, WPS, integrity of WPS, CoulombMohr strength criterion, Drucker-Prager rheological model, stability of interchamber pillars, stability of technological interbed.
For citation:

Belyakov N. A., Belikov A. A. Prediction of the integrity of the water-protective stratum at the Verkhnekamskoye potash ore deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(6−2):33—46. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_62_0_33.



The study was carried out at the expense of a subsidy for the fulfillment of the state task in the field of scientific activity for 2021 No. FSRW-2020−0014.

Issue number: 6
Year: 2022
Page number: 33-46
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.831; 624.121.54
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_62_0_33
Article receipt date: 14.01.2022
Date of review receipt: 12.04.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.05.2022
About authors:

Belyakov N. A.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor of the Department of Construction of Mining Enterprises and Underground Structures,, e-mail:;
Belikov A.A.1, postgraduate student of the department of construction of mining enterprises and underground structures,, e-mail:;
1 Saint Petersburg Mining University, 199106, St. Petersburg, Vasilievsky Island, 21 line 2, Russia. 

For contacts:

Artem A. Belikov, e-mail:


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