Prognostic map charts of ecosystem functioning violation in soil in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus in contamination with different copper concentrations

Copper is one of the primary pollutants in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus. The territory accommodates Urup mining and processing integrated works, which produces around 46% of copper ore in the Southern Federal District, Mizur concentration factory, and Electrozinc and Pobedit plants. It is planned to construct Khudes copper mining and processing works. The efficient quantitative prediction of possible environmental impacts of copper production needs creating prognostic map charts of ecosystem functioning violation in soil. This study aims to compare resistances of the forest, forest-steppe, steppe and mountain meadow soils to pollution with Cu in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus, and to create the prognostic map charts of the ecosystem functioning violation in soil in case of the soil pollution with Cu at different concentrations. The Cu pollution resistance of soil was estimated using the biological (ecotoxicity) indicators which proved to be highly sensitive and informative: these are the microbiological, biochemical and phytotoxicity indicators. As a result, the regional soils were ranged with respect to their resistance to pollution with Cu. On the whole, the steppe and forest–steppe soils in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus exhibited higher resistivity to pollution with Cu than the forest and mountain meadow soils. The research findings enabled building the prognostic map charts of the ecosystem functioning violation in soil in case of the soil pollution with Cu at different concentrations in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus.

Keywords: copper mining, pollution, soil, resistance, IIBS, toxicity, prediction.
For citation:

Moshchenko D. I., Kolesnikov S. I., Kuzina A. A., Mezhenkov A. A., Litvinov Yu. A. Prognostic map charts of ecosystem functioning violation in soil in the Central Ciscaucasia and the Caucasus in contamination with different copper concentrations. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(5-1):104-116. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_51_0_104.


The study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, State Contract No. FENW-2023-0008, and by the President of Russia, Grant No. MK-2688.2022.1.5.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2023
Page number: 104-116
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 57.044; 631.46
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_51_0_104
Article receipt date: 10.01.2023
Date of review receipt: 02.03.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2023
About authors:

D.I. Moshchenko1, Graduate Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7536-1538,
S.I. Kolesnikov1, Dr. Sci. (Agric.), Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5860-8420,
A.A. Kuzina1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Senior Researcher, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8816-5288,
A.A. Mezhenkov1, Graduate Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5733-8796,
Yu.A. Litvinov1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7204-2734,
1 D.I. Ivanovsky Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.


For contacts:

A.A. Kuzina, e-mail:


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