Reclamation of the tailings pond # 1 of the ore processing plant at the Albazino deposit

Waste from mining and beneficiation complexes has a negative impact on the environment and incurs significant costs, including those associated with maintaining tailings storage facilities. The establishment of tailings storage facilities accompanies nearly all beneficiation processes at mining enterprises when developing primary deposits. They are primarily located in river valleys and occupy vast areas of valuable lowland landscapes. The research subject is the mining and beneficiation complex for the extraction and processing of the Albazino gold deposit. The research object is the process of restoring disturbed lands. The Albazino gold deposit is situated in the Far Eastern Federal District, in the eastern part of the Polina Osipenko District of Khabarovsk Krai. The chosen direction for reclamation is the sanitary-hygienic approach (tailings storage preservation). The article justifies and proposes a technology for reclaiming the surface of Tailings Storage Facility No. 1. Its conceptual basis is founded on principles that account for the current state of the tailings storage facility, its general and specific characteristics, geographical and climatic conditions, and the possibility of executing all types of work with maximum use of local materials, considering the best available technologies. Conclusions are drawn regarding the feasibility of conducting miningecological monitoring until the restoration of natural vegetation closely resembling a zonaltype ecosystem.

Keywords: mining plants, disturbed lands, mining waste, reclamation, tailings storage, the best available technologies, water objects, monitoring.
For citation:

Kanakova E. V., Vdovenko A. V., Lipina L. N. Reclamation of the tailings pond # 1 of the ore processing plant at the Albazino deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(12-1):64—74. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_122_0_64.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2023
Page number: 64-74
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 502.3/.7
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_122_0_64
Article receipt date: 05.10.2023
Date of review receipt: 24.10.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.11.2023
About authors:

Kanakova E. V., Head of the Land Management Department of the Khabarovsky branch of JSC Polymetal UK, e-mail:, Khabarovsk, Russia, 680000 Muravyov-Amursky str., house 18;
Vdovenko A. V., Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Geodesy and Land Management, Pacific State University, e-mail:, Khabarovsk, Russia, 680000 Pacific str., 136;
Lipina L. N., Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor of the Department of Geodesy and Land Management, Pacific State University, e-mail:, Khabarovsk, Russia, 680000 Pacific str., 136.


For contacts:

1. Kornilkov S. V., Antoninova N.Yu., Shubina L. A., Sobenin A. V. On the issue of ecological rehabilitation of the natural ecosystem disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(3−1):465−474. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493−2020−31−0-465−474.

2. Ulanov A. Yu., Bahmin V. I., Korobova O. S. Improvement of subsoil use waste management. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6):48−55. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493−2020−6-0−48−55.

3. Litvinova T. E., Suchkov D. V. Comprehensive approach to the utilisation of technogenic waste from the mineral resource complex. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(6— 1):331— 348. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_61_0_331.

4. Borisova D. D. Assessment and reduction of the negative impact of waste storage containing rare earth elements. Technological and environmental aspects of the extraction and processing of natural and man-made raw materials (Leonov Readings 2023): materials of the I All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. 2023. pp. 25−28.

5. Ukaogo P. O., Ewuzie U., Onwuka C. V. Environmental pollution: causes, effects, and the remedies. Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health. 2020, pp. 419−429.

6. Mayorova L. P., CherentsovaA. A., Krupskaya L. T., Golubev D. A., Kolobanov K. A. Assessment of manmade air pollution due to dusting at mine tailings storage facilities. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(1):5−20. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236−1493−2021−1-0−520.

7. Abruzzi R. C., Bonetti B., Marçal J. R. P., Berenice A. D., Bitencourt A. K. Artifacts in the analysis and assessment of low-cost containers for sampling and storing greenhouse gases. Quimica Nova. 2019, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 84−94.

8. Salo H., Makinen J. Comparison of traditional moss bags and synthetic fabric bags in magnetic monitoring of urban air pollution. Ecological Indicators. 2019, vol. 104, pp. 559−566.

9. Petlovanyi M., Kuzmenko O., Lozynskyi V., Popovych V., Sai K., Saik P. Overview of man-made mineral formations accumulation and prospects for their development in mining in-dustrial regions of Ukraine. Mining of Mineral Deposits. 2019, vol. 13, pp. 24−38.

10. Pashkevich M. A. Technogenic massifs and their impact on the environment, St. Petersburg: SPGGI (TU), 2000, 230 p.

11. Grekhnev N. I., Lipina L. N. Conservation as a method of reclamation of tailings in the climatic conditions of the south of the Far East. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2015. N1. Pp. 80−84.

12. Evtushkova E. P. Assessment of sustainable development of the natural-territorial complex of the Purovsky district of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug / E. P. Evtushkova. AgroEcoInfo. 2019. No. 3(37). P. 16.

13. Lipina L. N., Vdovenko A. V. On the issue of reclamation of placer gold deposits in the Khabarovsk Territory. Ecology of Industrial Production. 2020. No. 2(110). pp. 45−50.

14. Prokhorov D. O., Stas G. V., Bolgova A. I., Shamrin M. Yu. Reducing or eliminating the negative impact of bulk technogenic mineral formations on the environment. News of Tula State University. Geosciences. 2022. No. 1. pp. 125–138.

15. Kanakova E. V., Markov V. A. Current issues of reclamation of lands disturbed during work related to the use of subsoil. Current issues of land use and real estate management: collection of articles of the IV National Scientific and Practical Conference. Ekaterinburg, UGGU Publishing House, 2022. pp. 216−223.

16. Lipina L. N., Vdovenko A. V. Assessment of the state of the environment in the area of mining development using GIS technologies. Ecology of Industrial Production. 2019. No. 3 (107). pp. 51−54.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.