Safety of mining with rope meshes nearby sinkholes

Ground caving incessantly takes place in karst regions and in mining areas, and the caving after-effects are to be eliminated. The key problem is that a sink can expand with time because of wall caving. The hazardous zone of the potential and often sudden sink expansion can be determined by geophysical surveys. Usually such zones are made totally inaccessible for people. Thus, elimination of caving after-effects should be implemented in the walk-in inaccessible zone. Within the limits of such zones, there may be special-purpose injection wells, or ground water observation wells, or sink backfill conveyors. After the review of the available literature and in-situ studies on operation in the totally walk-in inaccessible zone nearby the sinkhole in Solikamsk area, the conclusion was drawn on the lack of the current and sufficiently reasoned engineering solutions on safety of operations nearby sinkholes. This is a burning problem as sinkholes impose immense risks both on nature and people. People engaged in elimination of caving after-effects run a death risk. On 12 September 2012, in Berezniki area, a workman died in wall caving during sink fill night shift. This study focuses on mining safety nearby sinkholes and on proposal of an engineering solution on safety of people and work in the total walk-in inaccessible zone nearby sinkholes.

Keywords: sinkholes, hazardous zone, safety, elevated job, personal protection equipment, bolting, cable crane, rope mesh.
For citation:

Lonskiy O. V., Golikova O. V. Safety of mining with rope meshes nearby sinkholes. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(10):157-164. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2021_10_0_157.

Issue number: 10
Year: 2021
Page number: 157-164
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.8
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_10_0_157
Article receipt date: 30.12.2020
Date of review receipt: 16.03.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.09.2021
About authors:

O.V. Lonskiy1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
O.V. Golikova1, Magister, e-mail:,
1 Perm National Research Polytechnical University, 614990, Perm, Russia.


For contacts:

O.V. Lonskiy, e-mail:


1. Lunegova M. S. The concept and mechanisms of formation of karst dips. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov po materialam IX Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii studentov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh v 2 tomakh [Collection of scientific papers on the materials of the IX International Scientific and practical Conference of students, postgraduates and young scientists in 2 volumes], 2016, vol. 1, pp. 433—436. [In Russ].

2. Baryakh A. A., Evseev A. V. Liquidation of potash mines and salt mines: review and analysis of the problem. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 9, pp. 8—9. [In Russ].

3. Strzałkowski P. Sinkhole formation hazard assessment. Czech Republic: Springer Link, 2018.

4. Kolchina M. E., Konovalov V. E., Kolchina N. V. Questions of safety and organization of rational use of industrial cities' lands in zones of influence of underground mining workings. Izvestiya Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo gornogo universiteta. 2017, no. 1 (45), pp. 38. [In Russ].

5. Kataev V. N., Maksimovich N. G., Meshcheryakova O. Yu. Types of karst of Perm krai. Vestnik Baltiyskogo federal'nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. 2013, no. 1, pp. 56—66. [In Russ].

6. Nikitin O. R., Klochkov M. A. Detection and investigation of karsts by radiophysical methods. Metody i ustroystva peredachi i obrabotki informatsii. 2009, no. 11, pp. 215—218. [In Russ].

7. Cueto M., Olona J., Fernández-Viejo G., Pando L., López-Fernández C. Karst-induced sinkhole detection using an integrated geophysical survey: a case study along the Riyadh Metro Line 3 (Saudi Arabia). Near Surface Geophysics. 2018, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 270—281.

8. Xueping L., Shangde X., Huiming T., Jinsheng P. A GIS-based monitoring and early warning system for cover-collapse sinkholes in karst terrane in Wuhan, China. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Discuss. [preprint], 2017. DOI: 10.5194/nhess-2017-22.

9. Kondratov A. B. New concept and development of technical solutions for active protection of potash mines from flooding. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2012, no. 8, pp. 155—167. [In Russ].

10. Parise M., Closson D., Gutiérrez F., Stevanović Z. Anticipating and managing engineering problems in the complex karst environment. Environmental Earth Sciences. 2015, vol. 74, no. 12, pp. 7823—7835.

11. Larina O. P., Khalabuda E. I. Systematization and analysis of the causes of accidents at work at height. Molodezhnyy vestnik IrGTU. 2019, no. 4 (9), pp. 65—70. [In Russ].

12. Ravi M., Santhosh V., Baskaran M., Murali U. Risk assessment and control measures in construction industries. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research. 2017, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 302—304. [In Russ].

13. Pravila po okhrane truda pri rabote na vysote, utverzhdennye prikazom Ministerstva truda i sotsial'noy zashchity Rossiyskoy Federatsii № 782n, ot 16 noyabrya 2020 g. [Rules on labor protection at work at height, approved by Order of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation No. 782n, dated November 16, 2020]. [In Russ].

14. Rekomendatsii po vyboru tipov i raschetu prochnosti stal'nykh kanatov, primenyaemykh v stroitel'nykh metallicheskikh konstruktsiyakh [Recommendations on the choice of types and calculation of the strength of steel ropes used in building metal structures], Moscow, TSNIIProektstal'konstruktsiya, 1991. [In Russ].

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.