Risks as a cause of industrial safety inhibition in underground construction

Underground construction is always affected by numerous hazards. The risks degrade safety and longevity of underground structures. The risk analysis shows that the main root causes of risk are the errors and ill-coordinated wok of personnel in construction and operation of an underground facility. The major risks in underground construction are described. The modes of industrial supervision over construction quality are presented. The definition of an accident risk is discussed. The majority of accidents falls at the errors of personnel, both managers and executives. Shortage of skills, lack of coordination, violation of labor discipline and deficiency of control lead to disasters in underground constructions. The required organizational arrangements are developed subject to assessment of underground structure conditions. Mitigation of technical risks should base on advance of protection technologies and equipment to ensure collective safety of workers. Furthermore, it is necessary to improve regulatory system, assessment of the industrial environment condition, mine planning and design methods, etc. Organizationally, risk reduction needs creation of social and psychological climate to motivate personnel to work safely and efficiently, including each individual and the whole company.

Keywords: construction, safety, reliability, assessment, risk, mine personnel, personnel activities, shelteredness, safety criterion.
For citation:

Kulikova E. Yu., Vinogradova O. V. Risks as a cause of industrial safety inhibition in underground construction. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(7):146-154. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-7-0-146-154.

Issue number: 7
Year: 2020
Page number: 146-154
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622:521
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-7-0-146-154
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 13.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.06.2020
About authors:

E.Yu. Kulikova1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: fragrante@mail.ru,
O.V. Vinogradova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: sapik@mail.ru,
1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.

For contacts:

O.V. Vinogradova, e-mail: sapik@mail.ru.


1. Kulikova E. Yu. Estimation of factors of aggressive influence and corrosion wear of underground structures. Materials Science Forum. 2018. Vol. 931. Pp. 385—390. DOI: 10.4028/www. scientific.net / MSF.931.385 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

2. Natocheeva N. N. Risk management and optimization of bank loans allocation in the project financing program. Journal of Applied Economic Sciences. 2018. Vol. 13. No 1. Pp. 65—73. http://cesmaa.org /Docs/JAES%20SpringVolumeXIII_1 (55)2018_online.pdf.

3. Hebblewhite B. K. Geotechnical risk in mining methods and practice: critical issues and pitfalls of risk management. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Mining Geomechanical Risk, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, 2019, pp. 299—308.

4. Kulikova E. Yu. Assessment of operating environment of concrete lining of sewage collector tunnels. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019. Vol. 687. Article 044035. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/687/4/044035.

5. Vorob'eva O. V. Nauchnoe obosnovanie otsenki i upravleniya proizvodstvennymi riskami na ugledobyvayushchikh predpriyatiyakh s uchetom vliyaniya chelovecheskogo faktora [The scientific substantiation of the assessment and management of pro-duction risks in coal mining enterprises, taking into account the influence of the human factor], Candidate’s thesis, Moscow, 2009, 137 p.

6. Kulikova E. Yu., Grishin A. V., Murin K. M. Geomonitoring v gorodskom podzemnom stroitel'stve [Geomonitoring in urban underground construction], Moscow, Izd-vo «U Nikitskikh vorot», 2015, 292 p.

7. Balovtsev S. V., Shevchuk R. V. Geomechanical monitoring of mine shafts in difficult ground conditions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no 8, pp. 77–83. [In Russ].

8. Skopintseva O. V., Vertinskiy A. S., Ilyakhin S. V., Savel'ev D. I., Prokopovich A. Yu.Substantiation of efficient parameters of dust-controlling processing of coal massif in mines. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2014, no 5, pp. 17—20. [In Russ].

9. Skopintseva O. V., Ganova S. D., Demin N. V., Papichev V. I. Integrated method of dust and gas hazard reduction in coal mines. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018, no 11, pp. 97—100. [In Russ]. DOI: 10. 17580/gzh.2018.11.18.

10. Skopintseva O. V., Ganova S. D., Buzin A. A., Fedotova V. P. Measures to reduce dusting during loading and transportation of solid mineral resources. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2019, no 12, pp. 76—79. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2019.12.16.

11. Kaledina N. O., Vorob'eva O.V. Production control at a coal mining enterprise: the role of the human factor. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2014, no S12–1, pp. 28—36. [In Russ].

12. Balovtsev S. V. Assessment of ventilation circuits with regard to geological and geotechnical conditions of coal seam mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(6):173-183. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-06-0-173-183.

13. Batugin A., Odintsev V., Kolikov K., Lijiang Y., Khotchenkov E. Displacement and mine seismicity processes during undermining of a tectonically active fault area at the sinvay deposit. 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018. 2018. Vol. 18. No 1.3. Pp. 319—326. DOI: 10.5593/sgem2018/1.3/S03.041.

14. Cisco Connected Mining, 2016, https://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en_us/solutions/industries/automotive/docs/connected_mining_at-a-glance. pdf.

15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIOSH, Mining. Advanced tutorial on wireless communication and electronic tracking: electronic tracking systems performance. 3.0 Electronic Tracking Systems Performance, 2013, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/content/emergencymanagementandresponse /commtracking/advcommtrackingtutorial2.html.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.