Improving valuation of ecosphere pollution from mining waste using mathematical tools

The article reports studies into mining-induced pollution of the ecosphere using mathematical tools. The studies were carried out within the influence zone of the nature-andtechnology system generated in the course of activity of the recently closed project, namely, Khrustalny Mining-and-Processing Plant in the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia. Heavy induced pollution of the environment is conditioned by tin ore production and accumulation of huge quantity of processing waste in Vysokogorskoe tailings storage, which is the subject of the present research, in volume of more than 1 Mt inside the area of 17 ha withdrawn from wooded lands. The relevant literature review discloses poor study of the problem connected with geoecological evaluation of the environmental impact of a manmade system using the mathematical modeling. In this connection, the present study is aimed to evaluate induced pollution of the ecosphere within the influence zone of a nature-and-technology system to abate the environmental impact using mathematical tools. The envelopes and flows of pollutants spread by the mechanisms of natural migration results in the induced pollution of ecosystems, including soil, and in the living space degradation. High concentrations of total compounds of heavy metals, which exceed the background contents and the maximal allowable concentrations by 3 to a few hundred times, are identified in soil within the influence zone of the tailings storage. It is proved that the extreme difficulty of soil and the insufficient study of mechanisms of many processes running in soil impede the analysis of propagation mechanisms of pollutants. Therefore, for the study region, an abstract problem is formulated and solved on accumulation of toxic elements in soil cover, both in soluble and insoluble forms, using mathematical tools. The studies into transfer and accumulation of pollutants using mathematical tools show that concentration of the pollutants in soil is variable and directly depends on time. The calculations make it possible to state that reduction in, for example, Zn concentrations down to MAC values in the study region can take place 20 years after the pollutants penetrate soil.

Keywords: induced pollution, air basin, manmade system, mathematical modeling, tailings storage, processing waste, pollutants.
For citation:

Kolobanov K. A., Filatova M. Yu., Bubnova M. B., Romashkina E. A. Improving valuation of ecosphere pollution from mining waste using mathematical tools. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(4):85-99. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_4_0_85.

Acknowledgements:

The study was carried out under the state contract between the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and the Pacific National University, Science Project Code 0818-2020-0004.

Issue number: 4
Year: 2021
Page number: 85-99
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.064.36
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_4_0_85
Article receipt date: 30.01.2020
Date of review receipt: 23.10.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.03.2021
About authors:

K.A. Kolobanov1,2, Graduate Student, Junior Researcher, e-mail: kolobanov.92@mail.ru,
M.Yu. Filatova1,2, Leading Engineer, Junior Researcher,
M.B. Bubnova, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher, Mining Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 680000, Khabarovsk, Russia,
E.A. Romashkina1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor,
1 Pacific National University, 680035, Khabarovsk, Russia,
2 Far East Forestry Research Institute, 680020, Khabarovsk, Russia.

 

For contacts:

K.A. Kolobanov, e-mail: kolobanov.92@mail.ru.

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