Personnel physiology and hygiene, and occupational health and safety maintenance in deep mines: Problems and solutions

For many years mineral mining industry has been vastly contributing to economic advance of Russia and serves a budget backbone of the country. The present-day expansion of mining, as well as maintenance and enhancement of the industry capacity necessitates mining transition to deeper levels. Deep-level mines are faced with higher temperature of rocks and with adverse effect of manmade heat liberation sources on the unfavorable microclimate in mines. The heating microclimate is the major industrial factor to attack health of miners. Therefore it is highly critical to develop appropriate health and safety arrangements and precautions. The engineering control of microclimate parameters under conditions of deep-level mining is incompetent and needs additional precautions to be undertaken when organizing production. The top-priority provisions to reduce detrimental effect on mine personnel include water intake schedule, optimized food ration and special clothing. The article informs on body thermal status in heating microclimate and discusses a risk determination technique for backwash effect of thermal load on miner health. The methods to determine the fluid balance and moisture loss compensation under different occupational loads in heating microclimate are considered. The data on personnel feeding in special production conditions are presented. Special clothing design and webbing selection are of special concern to personnel operating in the unfavorable thermal environment as of today. Engineering control should include optimization of the production environment. It is possible to ease-off heat strain using special design clothing made of natural cotton fabrics which are air permeable, porous, hygroscopic and filamentous. Thus, occupational safety of miners in the heating microclimate should involve engineering control, forced air cooling, special clothing, rational feeding and water use.

Keywords: occupational health and safety, mining industry, heating microclimate, health loss, underground excavations, thermal control, body heat and mass exchange, special clothing, water intake schedule.
For citation:

Vishnevskaya N. L., Liskova M.Yu., Plakhova L. V. Personnel physiology and hygiene, and occupational health and safety maintenance in deep mines: Problems and solutions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(10):163-176. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-14932020-10-0-163-176.

Issue number: 10
Year: 2020
Page number: 163-176
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.874:[613.646+614.873.086]
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-10-0-163-176
Article receipt date: 21.05.2020
Date of review receipt: 19.06.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.09.2020
About authors:

N.L. Vishnevskaya1, Dr. Sci. (Med.),
M.Yu. Liskova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
L.V. Plakhova1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor,
1 Perm National Research Polytechnic University, 614990, Perm, Russia.


For contacts:

M.Yu. Liskova, e-mail:


1. Zemskov A. N., Liskova M.Yu., Smirnova E. V. Analysis of mine personnel working environment and normalization procedures for dust and gas composition of mine air. Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle. 2017, no 2, pp. 58—68. [In Russ].

2. Liskova M.Yu., Vishnevskaya N. L., Plakhova L. V. Effect of microclimate on personnel in deep-level excavations of potash mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no 9, pp. 219— 230. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-09-0-219-230.

3. Zaytsev A. V. Nauchnye osnovy rascheta i upravleniya teplovym rezhimom podzemnykh rudnikov [Scientific basis for thermal behavior design and control in underground mines], Doctor’s thesis. Perm, 2019, 247 p.

4. Sorensen G., Nagler E. M., Pawar P., Gupta P. C., Pednekar M. S., Wagner G. R. Lost in translation: The challenge of adapting integrated approaches for worker health and safety for lowand middle-income countries. Plos One. 2017. Vol. 12. No 8. Article e0182607. DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0182607.

5. Fedorovich G. V. Bull work in heating environment. Bezopasnost' i okhrana truda. 2017, no 2(71), pp. 54—61.

6. Rukovodstvo po otsenke professional'nogo riska dlya zdorov'ya rabotnikov. Organizatsionno-metodicheskie osnovy, printsipy i kriterii otsenki R 2.2.1766-03 [R 2.2.1766-03. Guidance on assessment of occupational health risk of personnel. Organization, procedures, principles and criteria], Moscow, 2004, 24 p. [In Russ].

7. Federal'nye normy i pravila «Pravila bezopasnosti pri vedenii gornykh rabot i pererabotke tverdykh poleznykh iskopaemykh», utverzhdennye prikazom Rostekhnadzora № 599 ot 11.12.2013 [Federal Code: Safety Regulations in Solid Mineral Mining and Processing, approved by the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia (Rostekhnadzor), Order No. 599 as of Dec 11, 2013]. [In Russ].

8. Chebotarev A. G., Afanas'eva R. F. Physiological and hygienic estimation of workplace microclimate in surface and underground mines, and adverse effect precautions. Gornaya promyshlennost'. 2012, no 6 (106), pp. 34—40. [In Russ].

9. Konstantinov E. I. Physiological and hygienic aspects of heating microclimate assessment and precautions. Okhrana truda i tekhnika bezopasnosti na promyshlennykh predpriyatiyakh. 2017, no 5—6, pp. 80—92. [In Russ].

10. Amelyakina A. N., Lyubskaya O. G., Yakutina N. V. Heating microclimate effect on health in a production environment. Sovremennye zadachi inzhenernykh nauk. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Simpoziuma i Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-tekhnicheskogo Foruma [Modern problems in engineering. Symposium and International Engineering Forum Proceedings], Moscow, 2017, pp. 138—141. [In Russ].

11. Fedorovich G. V. Bull work in heating environment. Bezopasnost' i okhrana truda. 2017, no 2 (71), pp. 54—61. [In Russ].

12. Vatanpour S., Hrudey S. E., Dinu I. Can public health risk assessment using risk matrices be misleading? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015. Vol. 12. No 8. Pp. 9575—9588. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph1208009575.

13. Klebanov R. D., Konoplyanko V.A., Yakovlev S. E., Ivanovich E.A., Itpaeva-Lyudchik S. L. New approaches to heating microclimate assessment by the heat load index of a medium. Zdorov'e i okruzhayushchaya sreda. 2015. Vol. 2, no 25, pp. 19—22. [In Russ].

14. Lees F. Lees' loss prevention in the process industries: hazard identification, assessment and control. 3 Vols., 4th edition. Oxford: Butter-worth-Heinemann, 2012. 3776 p.

15. Tsorina O.A., Stishenko L. G. Hygienic estimate of microclimate. Difference in approaches. Rossiya molodaya: peredovye tekhnologii — v promyshlennost'. 2011, no 2, pp. 396—398. [In Russ].

16. Vankhanen V. O., Shaptala A.A., Zaytseva V.A. Removal of water-soluble vitamins with sweat and vitamin fortification status of health in deep mines. Gigiena truda. 1973, pp. 464. [In Russ].

17. Vankhanen V. D. Mediko-biologicheskie aspekty pitaniya i pit'evogo rezhima gornorabochikh ugol'nykh shakht [Biomedical aspects of feeding and water intake schedule of coal miners],

18. Fomchenkova L. N. Modern fabrics for special clothing. Tekstil'naya promyshlennost'. 2009, no 7, pp. 15—17.

19. Dzhanpaizova V. M., Rakhmankulova Zh.A, Otarbekova S. Zh., Makhmudova M.A.Rational design of special clothing for hot climate. Science and world. 2014, no 8 (12), pp. 48—51. [In Russ].

20. Pavlov M.A. Razrabotka i issledovanie kompleksnykh materialov dlya odezhdy, ekspluatiruemoy v ekstremal'nykh usloviyakh [Development and analysis of multipurpose materials for clothing to serve in extreme conditions], Candidate’s thesis, Moscow, 2018, 172 p.

21. Al Shannaq R., Farid M. M. Microencapsulation of phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage systems. Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems. 2015. Pp. 247—276.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.