Personnel physiology and hygiene, and occupational health and safety maintenance in deep mines: Problems and solutions

For many years mineral mining industry has been vastly contributing to economic advance of Russia and serves a budget backbone of the country. The present-day expansion of mining, as well as maintenance and enhancement of the industry capacity necessitates mining transition to deeper levels. Deep-level mines are faced with higher temperature of rocks and with adverse effect of manmade heat liberation sources on the unfavorable microclimate in mines. The heating microclimate is the major industrial factor to attack health of miners. Therefore it is highly critical to develop appropriate health and safety arrangements and precautions. The engineering control of microclimate parameters under conditions of deep-level mining is incompetent and needs additional precautions to be undertaken when organizing production. The top-priority provisions to reduce detrimental effect on mine personnel include water intake schedule, optimized food ration and special clothing. The article informs on body thermal status in heating microclimate and discusses a risk determination technique for backwash effect of thermal load on miner health. The methods to determine the fluid balance and moisture loss compensation under different occupational loads in heating microclimate are considered. The data on personnel feeding in special production conditions are presented. Special clothing design and webbing selection are of special concern to personnel operating in the unfavorable thermal environment as of today. Engineering control should include optimization of the production environment. It is possible to ease-off heat strain using special design clothing made of natural cotton fabrics which are air permeable, porous, hygroscopic and filamentous. Thus, occupational safety of miners in the heating microclimate should involve engineering control, forced air cooling, special clothing, rational feeding and water use.

Keywords: occupational health and safety, mining industry, heating microclimate, health loss, underground excavations, thermal control, body heat and mass exchange, special clothing, water intake schedule.
For citation:

Vishnevskaya N. L., Liskova M.Yu., Plakhova L. V. Personnel physiology and hygiene, and occupational health and safety maintenance in deep mines: Problems and solutions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(10):163-176. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-14932020-10-0-163-176.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 10
Year: 2020
Page number: 163-176
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.874:[613.646+614.873.086]
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-10-0-163-176
Article receipt date: 21.05.2020
Date of review receipt: 19.06.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.09.2020
About authors:

N.L. Vishnevskaya1, Dr. Sci. (Med.),
M.Yu. Liskova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: liskova.rpb@gmail.com,
L.V. Plakhova1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor,
1 Perm National Research Polytechnic University, 614990, Perm, Russia.

 

For contacts:

M.Yu. Liskova, e-mail: liskova.rpb@gmail.com.

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