Geotechnology-based technical integration strategy for territorial industrial systems

Authors: Шумилова

The article briefly describes the Cradle to Cradle concept of complete cycle production and waste management which found acceptance in Europe. The modern standards of nonwaste production are listed. The main effective methods to minimize the environmental impact are presented, including the physicochemical geotechnology. The critical analysis results on the concepts of non-waste production in the mining industry, which are well known in Russia and abroad, are reported: intensification; mining ecology; Zero Waste. The common problems of these concepts are identified; the common objectives to be met are determined; the demands placed on non-waste production are recited (mineral mining, natural and industrial waste processing). The ecological concept is amended: the strategy is developed for the technical integration of territorial industrial systems with product flows involved in closed cycles based on the best available technologies (BAT), in particular, geotechnologies. The basis of the strategy are BAT, selection criteria, ground rules of integral assessment of ecological impact and alternative resources of energy efficiency based on integrated waste management activities of companies within a mining cluster. The information and technology guides on BAT, developed in Russia for the mineral mining and processing industry, are reviewed, and their shortcomings are specified. The emphasis is laid on deficiency of the BAT information and technology guides in terms of the physicochemical geotechnology which is an advanced and eco-friendly technology—the green technology of the 21st century. The term technical integration is defined. It is concluded that design and modernization of mines should take into account the ground rules and documentary framework of the public register of BAT and, also, the feasibility of integration of territorial industrial systems involved in mining operations toward introduction of non-waste technology and production. The layout (draft) of the integrated territorial mining system in the Transbaikal zone of the Baikal–Amur Mainline is presented. The BAT alternatives developed by the authors and practically proven in recovery of gold from mining waste are described.

Keywords: mining waste, non-waste production, Best Available Technologies, technical integration, mining industrial systems, closed cycles, recycling technologies, environment.
For citation:

Shumilova L. V. Geotechnology-based technical integration strategy for territorial industrial systems. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(5):68-84. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_5_0_68.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 5
Year: 2021
Page number: 68-84
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.7
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_5_0_68
Article receipt date: 11.05.2020
Date of review receipt: 21.12.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2021
About authors:

L.V. Shumilova, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Professor, e-mail: shumilovalv@mail.ru, Transbaikal State University, 672039, Chita, Russia.

 

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