Evaluation of population and mine personnel health impacts of heavy metals with regard to local ecology

The urgency of the problem of labor protection for workers and the population of mining enterprises is explained by the need to create, including technologies protecting human labor. To achieve this goal, a method has been applied based on estimating the rate of migration of heavy metals at the stages of the metal mining chain: mining redistribution in underground mines, storage of tailings in residential areas and metallurgical redistribution in a large city. The article describes the mechanism of the impact of heavy metals on the population of residential areas of the mining region by the example of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. The analysis of research methods of factors minimizing the environmental risk of workers and residents of the Sadon Lead-zinc plant and the plant “Electrozinc”. The results of clinical and laboratory examination of groups of residents are presented. A hypothesis is formulated about the presence of a correlative relationship between the technological factors of pollution of the region with heavy metals and the incidence of the population. The characteristics of technologies are given, the result of which are the processes of natural leaching of lost ores and processing wastes with the release of aggressive metals into the environment. Directions for minimizing chemical environmental pollution by applying technologies with increasing completeness of metal extraction from ores and tailings of traditional processing are proposed. The formulation of the concept of minimizing the negative impact of mining on the preservation of environmental ecosystems by improving the technology of extraction and disposal of tailings is proposed.

Keywords: labor protection, mining region, mining technology, enrichment and metallurgy, heavy metals, chemical pollution, tailings utilization.
For citation:

Golik V.I., Dmitrak Yu.V., Khadzaragova E.A., Plieva M.T. Evaluation of population and mine personnel health impacts of heavy metals with regard to local ecology. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(11-1):106-117. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-106-117.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 11
Year: 2020
Page number: 106-117
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.55.054:622(470.6)
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-106-117
Article receipt date: 08.06.2020
Date of review receipt: 15.06.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.10.2020
About authors:

Golik V.I.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Professor, Department of Mining, v.i.golik@mail.ru;
Dmitrak Yu.V.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, rector;
Khadzaragova E.A.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), professor, vice-rector, head of the department of metallurgy of non-ferrous metals and automation of metallurgical processes;
Plieva M.T.1, Cand. Sci. (S-kh), Associate Professor of the Department “Power Supply of Industrial Enterprises”, e-mail: madosya80@mail.ru;
1 North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University), Vladikavkaz, Russia.

 

For contacts:
Bibliography:

1. Bowman S.D. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). Background and Application: guidelines for investigating geologic hazards and preparing engineeringgeology reports, with a suggested approach to geologic-hazard ordinances in Utah. Utah: The University of Utah, 2016. pp. 198—203.

2. Muller N.Z., Mendelsohn R., Nordhaus W. Environmental Accounting for Pollution in the United States Economy. American Economic Review. 2011. Vol. 101. no. 5. pp. 1649—1675.

3. Collins D., Hosseini Z. Harnessing micgoseismic monitoring. Mmmg Magazine. 2013. no. 3. pp. 76—80.

4. Francois Retiefa, Alan Bondb, Jenny Poped, Angus Morrison-Saunderse, Nicholas Kingf. Global megatrends and their implications for environmental assessment practice. Environmental Impact Assessment Review Volume 61. 2016. rr.52—60.

5. Lu X., Liu W., Zhao C. et al. Environmental assessment of heavy metal and natural radioactivity in soil around a coal-fired power plant in China. Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry. 2013. Vol. 295. No 3. P. 1845.

6. Rachwa M., Magiera T., Wawer M. Coke industry and steel metallurgy as the source of soil contamination by technogenic magnetic particles, heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Chemosphere. 2015. no. 138. pp. 863—873. [In Russ]

7. Golik V.I., Komashchenko V.I. Ferrous quartzite enrichment waste as a raw material for additional extraction of metals and use as filling mixtures. Gornyj zhurnal. 2017. no. 3. pp. 43—47. [In Russ]

8. Stas’ G.V., Smirnova E.V. To the question of risk. Izv. TulGU Nauki o Zemle. Vyp. 2. Tula: TulGU, 2015. pp. 38—44. [In Russ]

9. Golik V.I., Luk’yanov V.G., Hasheva Z.M. Justification of the possibility and expediency of using ore dressing tailings for the manufacture of hardening mixtures. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Inzhiniring georesursov. 2015. T. 326. no. 5. pp. 6—14. [In Russ]

10. Holmatova K.K., Har’kova O.A., Grzhibovskij A.M. Features of the use of cohort studies in medicine and public health. Ekologiya cheloveka. 2016. no. 4. pp. 56—64. [In Russ]

11. Zaalishvili V.B., Beriev O.G., Burdzieva O.G., Zaks T.V. Vzaimosvyaz’ mezhdu tekhnogennoj zagryaznennost’yu urbanizirovannoj territorii othodami gornodobyvayushchej promyshlennosti i zabolevaemost’yu naseleniya [The relationship between industrial pollution of an urbanized territory by mining waste and the incidence of the population]. Vladikavkaz. CGI VNC RAN i RSO-A., 2010. pp. 433—438. [In Russ]

12. Vasil’ev P.V., Rybak V.L., Egorova T.A. The methodology for assessing the environmental impact of mine dumps of mines and measures for their localization. Izvestiya Tul GU. Nauki o Zemle. Vyp.2. 2016. pp. 3—19. [In Russ]

13. Veremchuk L.V. Methods of modeling medical-biological and medical-ecological processes. Zdorov’e. Medicinskaya ekologiya. Nauka. 2014. no. 2 (56). pp. 31—33. [In Russ]

14. Gorbanev S.A., Chashchin V.P., Fridman K.B., Gudkov A.B. Application of the principles of evidence in assessing causality in assessing public health with exposure to harmful chemicals in the environment. Ekologiya cheloveka. Ekologiya cheloveka 2017. no. 11. . 10—17. [In Russ]

15. Zajceva N.V., Klejn S.V., Sedusova E.V. On the practice of proving damage to public health at the population and individual levels when exposed to harmful environmental factors. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo centra RAN. Social’nye, gumanitarnye, medikobiologicheskie nauki. 2015. T. 17, no. 5—2. pp. 457—463. [In Russ]

16. Karimova L.K., Serebryakov P.V., SHajhlislamova E.R., YAcyna I.V. Professional’nye riski narusheniya zdorov’ya rabotnikov, zanyatyh dobychej i pererabotkoj polimetallicheskih rud [Occupational health risks of workers involved in the extraction and processing of polymetallic ores]. Ufa-Moskva: Izd-vo «Print-2», 2016. 337 p. [In Russ]

17. Golik V.I., Gabaraev O.Z., Maslennikov S.A., Khasheva Z.M., Shulgaty L.P. The provision of development conversion perspectives into undeground one for Russian iron ore deposits development. The Social Sciences (Pakistan). 2016. T. 11. no. 18. pp. 4348—4351.

18. Golik V.I., Komashchenko V.I., Stradanchenko S.G., Maslennikov S.A. Improving the completeness of the use of mineral resources through the deep utilization of coal enrichment waste. Gornyj zhurnal. 2012. no. 9. pp. 91—95. [In Russ]

19. Golik V.I., Razorenov YU.I., Karginov K.G. The basis of sustainable development of North Ossetia-Alania is the mining industry. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2017. T. 9. no. 2 (32). pp. 163—171. [In Russ]

20. Ryl’nikova M.V., Emel’yanenko E.A. The use of organic compounds in environmentally friendly technologies in the integrated development of copper pyrite depositsj. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2015. no. 4—2. pp. 223—236. [In Russ]

21. Dzaparov V.H., Harebov G.Z., Stas’ V.P., Stas’ P.P. The study of dry construction mixtures based on industrial waste for underground construction. Suhie stroitel’nye smesi. 2020. no. 1. pp. 35—38. [In Russ]

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.