Evaluation of population and mine personnel health impacts of heavy metals with regard to local ecology

The urgency of the problem of labor protection for workers and the population of mining enterprises is explained by the need to create, including technologies protecting human labor. To achieve this goal, a method has been applied based on estimating the rate of migration of heavy metals at the stages of the metal mining chain: mining redistribution in underground mines, storage of tailings in residential areas and metallurgical redistribution in a large city. The article describes the mechanism of the impact of heavy metals on the population of residential areas of the mining region by the example of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. The analysis of research methods of factors minimizing the environmental risk of workers and residents of the Sadon Lead-zinc plant and the plant “Electrozinc”. The results of clinical and laboratory examination of groups of residents are presented. A hypothesis is formulated about the presence of a correlative relationship between the technological factors of pollution of the region with heavy metals and the incidence of the population. The characteristics of technologies are given, the result of which are the processes of natural leaching of lost ores and processing wastes with the release of aggressive metals into the environment. Directions for minimizing chemical environmental pollution by applying technologies with increasing completeness of metal extraction from ores and tailings of traditional processing are proposed. The formulation of the concept of minimizing the negative impact of mining on the preservation of environmental ecosystems by improving the technology of extraction and disposal of tailings is proposed.

Keywords: labor protection, mining region, mining technology, enrichment and metallurgy, heavy metals, chemical pollution, tailings utilization.
For citation:

Golik V.I., Dmitrak Yu.V., Khadzaragova E.A., Plieva M.T. Evaluation of population and mine personnel health impacts of heavy metals with regard to local ecology. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(11-1):106-117. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-106-117.

Issue number: 11
Year: 2020
Page number: 106-117
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.55.054:622(470.6)
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-106-117
Article receipt date: 08.06.2020
Date of review receipt: 15.06.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.10.2020
About authors:

Golik V.I.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Professor, Department of Mining, v.i.golik@mail.ru;
Dmitrak Yu.V.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, rector;
Khadzaragova E.A.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), professor, vice-rector, head of the department of metallurgy of non-ferrous metals and automation of metallurgical processes;
Plieva M.T.1, Cand. Sci. (S-kh), Associate Professor of the Department “Power Supply of Industrial Enterprises”, e-mail: madosya80@mail.ru;
1 North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University), Vladikavkaz, Russia.


For contacts:

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