Safety and risk management in underground construction as a complex information process

Authors: Kulikova Е.Yu.

Risk assessment aims to help decision-makers achieve their goals and identify appropriate and effective means to improve the level of safety in the area under consideration. The output of the risk assessment is the input to the decision-making process. Therefore, the role of information safety cannot be overestimated. This postulate is particularly relevant for urban underground construction, which is characterized by a constant change in conditions during the work process. Therefore, in this area of activity, constant monitoring of information is necessary. It is necessary to systematize the monitoring data of risk assessment, as well as the registration of the effectiveness of management methods used in risk analysis at all stages of the life cycle of the natural and technical geosystem “rock mass — technology — underground structure — environment”. Underground construction is always characterized by the presence of several alternative options for making a decision that would ensure a balance of geotechnical and other types of risk at an acceptable level. At the stage of design and construction of underground facilities, competent presentation of information contributes to ensuring the acceptable risk of the geosystem; improvement of the construction project and its economic efficiency; identification of dangerous events оn subsequent stages of the life cycle. To manage the safety of the natural and technical geosystem “rock mass — technology — underground structure — environment”, it is of paramount importance to establish a relationship between command information. information about the state of underground facilities and the external environment.

Keywords: risk, security, external environment, conceptual model, organizational measures, functional dependence.
For citation:
Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 2
Year: 2021
Page number: 134-143
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 624
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-134-143
Article receipt date: 25.12.2020
Date of review receipt: 15.01.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 01.02.2021
About authors:

Kulikova E.Yu., Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Department “Safety and Ecology of Mining Production”, fragrante@mail.ru, NUST «MISiS», Moscow, Russia.

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