Types of soil improvers for reclamation of mining-disturbed lands

Extensive mining operations enlarge the area of disturbed lands which are no more fertile and economically usable. Such lands have adverse impact on the environment and are incapable to produce any benefit to the national economy unless reclamation activities are performed. Reclamation of mining-disturbed lands includes introduction of soil improvers in soil. The use of such soil improvers is aimed to improve physicochemical properties of soil, to add nutrients to stimulate soil fertility and, thereby, to normalize different regimes in soil (water, air, heat, nutrition, etc.). Aimed at simplifying selection of a soil improver, as well as control of its characteristics and properties, systematization of soil improvers used in reclamation of the disturbed lands in the mineral mining and processing sector is implemented. The basic types of soil improvers are identified based on their genesis, composition and effect; the land areas suitable for such reclamation approaches are described; the process of soil restoration is demonstrated. Furthermore, the main reasons for using novel and nonconventional soil improvers and soil improvement procedures are defined as the low cost and prolong effects.

Keywords: soil improvers, reclamation, chemical reclamation, disturbed lands, soil, fertilizers–improvers, adsorbents–improvers; soil conservers–improvers, biological reclamation.
For citation:

Petrova T.A., Rudzish E. Types of soil improvers for reclamation of mining-disturbed lands. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(4):100-112. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2021_4_0_100.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 4
Year: 2021
Page number: 100-115
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.062.4
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_4_0_100
Article receipt date: 08.06.2020
Date of review receipt: 29.10.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.03.2021
About authors:

T.A. Petrova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor,
E. Rudzish1, Graduate Student, e-mail: rudzisha@gmail.com,
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

 

For contacts:

E. Rudzish, e-mail: rudzisha@gmail.com.

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