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Impact of platinum production on ecology of brown forest soil

Platinum group metals are the promising resource material in the mining industry, and their demand is expected to grow year by year. The Northern Caucasus has a high potential of Pt metallogeny and noble metal production, including Pt. For predicting potential environmental adversities of Pt entrance from mining and processing waste, it is expedient to explore how the functions of soils are damaged in ecosystems. In the influence zone of test mines, the soil is generally brown forest soil. The model experiment illustrates the impact of Pt at concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 mg/kg on the ecology of brown forest weakly unsaturated soils. The biological parameters of the soil get changed, namely, total number of bacteria, activity of catalase and dehydrogenase, viability and root length of radish polluted with Pt. The most sensitive parameters are the total number of bacteria, and the radish viability and root length. Contamination with Pt at concentrations of 0.01 and 0.1 mg/kg injuries the main functions of the brown forest soil. The higher contents of Pt in soil disables all soil functions. The results are usable in development of Pt MAC values for soil.

Keywords: platinum mines, soil, pollution, platinum, biotesting, sustainability, ecological functions of soils, Caucasus, prediction, eco-toxicity.
For citation:

Timoshenko A. N., Kolesnikov S. I., Evstegneeva N. A., Minnikova T. V., Kazeev K. Sh. Impact of platinum production on ecology of brown forest soil. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(5):90-103. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_5_0_90.


The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 22-74-00080,

Issue number: 5
Year: 2024
Page number: 90-103
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 57.044; 631.46
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_5_0_90
Article receipt date: 15.01.2024
Date of review receipt: 22.02.2024
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2024
About authors:

A.N. Timoshenko1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Leading Researcher, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5733-8796,
S.I. Kolesnikov1, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5860-8420,
N.A. Evstegneeva1, Graduate Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3133-7629,
T.V. Minnikova1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Leading Researcher, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9453-7137, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5589-2171,
K.Sh. Kazeev1, Dr. Sci. (Geogr.), Professor, Director, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0252-6212,
1 D.I. Ivanovsky Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.


For contacts:

A.N. Timoshenko, e-mail:


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