Influence of hydrogeology at Unal tailings pond on ecosystem pollution with heavy metals

Transformation of a nature-and-technology system (NTS) is a multi-stage process, and it is possible that a manmade envelope of a commercial value appears at a certain time. On the one hand, this explains the secondary contamination of rivers with bottom sediments, and, on the other hand, it raises a question on the relevance of proper monitoring of NTS. The article describes the behavior and transformation of the ecosystem at Unal tailings pond for the recent ten years. The risk assessment at the complex nature-and-technology systems should use an integrated multi-factor analysis with subsequent managerial inferences. The implemented research points at the significant part taken by the complex and branched river system in the Unal hollow in spreading of heavy metals and in pollution of the local ecosystem with them. It is recommended on improvement of monitoring representativeness at such NTS, and on creation of the required data base of instrumental measurements, which can enable detection of the most affected technology and nature sites. The need for the systematic monitoring for the comprehensive exploration and evolution staging of a complex nature-and-technology system is proved as a case-study of Unal NTS.

Keywords: techno genesis, tailings pond, river system, nature-and-technology system, pollutants, migration, environment, hydrogeology.
For citation:

Makovozova Z. E., Sokolov A. A., Fomenko V. A., Sarbaeva M. T. Influence of hydrogeology at Unal tailings pond on ecosystem pollution with heavy metals. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(6):126-138. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_6_0_126.

Acknowledgements:

The research was carried out at the Southern Federal University at the expense of the Russian Science Foundation (Project No. RNF/23-37-GL, No. 23-77-00015).

Issue number: 6
Year: 2023
Page number: 126-138
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.062.2
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_6_0_126
Article receipt date: 20.04.2023
Date of review receipt: 02.05.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.05.2023
About authors:

Z.E. Makovozova, Cand. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Assistant Professor, Head of Chair, North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University), 362021, Vladikavkaz, Russia, e-mail: geologistik@bk.ru, ORCID ID: 0009-0000-3555-4394,
A.A. Sokolov1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail: anso@sfedu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3022-0883,
V.A. Fomenko1, Researcher, e-mail: vafomenko@sfedu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4725-3673,
M.T. Sarbaeva, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, Turkestan, Republic of Kazakhstan, e-mail: makpal.sarbayeva@ayu.edu.kz, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3704-9046,
1 Branch of Southern Federal University in Gelendzhik, Gelendzhik, Russia.

 

For contacts:

M.T. Sarbaeva, e-mail: makpal.sarbayeva@ayu.edu.kz.

Bibliography:

1. Abramov B. N. Toxicity assessment of mine tailings ponds in Transbaikalia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 11, pp. 136—145. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_1 1_0_136.

2. Galachieva S. G., Sokolov A. A., Makhosheva S. Al., Sokolova O. A. Estimation system of sustainable development of regional national-economic complexes of mountain territories. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2018, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 329—335. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2018-10-3-329-335.

3. Grinevskiy S. O. Gidrodinamicheskoe modelirovanie vzaimodeystviya podzemnykh i poverkhnostnykh vod: Monografiya [Hydrodynamic modeling of the interaction of underground and surface waters. Monograph], Moscow, Infra-M, 2012, 152 p.

4. Chechel L. P., Zamana L. V. Geochemical types of waters of lead-zinc deposits tailings in the Eastern Transbaikalia. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2019, vol. 330, no. 4, pp. 17—25. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18799/24131830/2019/4/189.

5. Lu J., Lu H., Lei K., Wang W., Guan Yu. Contamination of soil and water resources with trace elements of metals caused by small-scale mining of metal ore: a case study at a sphalerite mine in Northern China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2019, vol. 26, no. 24, pp. 24630—24644. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-05703-z.

6. Kornilkov S. V., Antoninova N. Yu., Shubina L. A., Sobenin A. V. On the issue of ecological rehabilitation of the natural ecosystem disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 3-1, pp. 465—474. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2020-31-0-465-474.

7. Sokolov A. A., Miroshnikov A. S., Sokolova E. A. Control algorithms for mining and metallurgical plant-ambient environment system stability. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 12, pp. 83—86. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.12.17.

8. Krupskaya L. T., Zvereva V. P., Sklyarova G. F., Orlov A. M. Aboveground mining waste storage as an ecosphere pollution source and waste exploitability in Russia’s Far East. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 2, pp. 5—21. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-20-5-21.

9. Badalyan L. Kh., Kurdyukov V. N., Ovcharenko A. M., Kucherenko S. V. Method for determining the maximum allowable load on the ecosystems. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2022, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 430—439. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2022-14-3-430-439.

10. Shestopalov V. L., Fomenko V. A., Sokolov A. A., Miroshnikov A. S. Comparative analysis of deformation methods for seismic activity monitoring in mountainous areas of the Black sea coast and Kamchatka. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2021, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 535—543. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2021-13-4-535-543.

11. Krasavtseva E. A. Geoekologicheskaya otsenka vliyaniya otkhodov obogashcheniya redkometall'nykh rud na okruzhayushchuyu sredu (na primere OOO «Lovozerskiy GOK») [Geoecological assessment of the impact of rare metal ores enrichment waste on the environment (on the example of Lovozersky GOK LLC)], Candidate’s thesis, Moscow, 2022, 26 p.

12. Petrov Y. S., Sokolov A. A., Raus E. V. A mathematical model for estimating technogenic losses from the operation of mining enterprises. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2019, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 554—559. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2019-11-4-554-559.

13. Butyugin V. V. Geoecological principles of tailings operation in permafrost. RUDN Journal of Engineering Researches. 2006, no. 1(12), pp. 140—147. [In Russ].

14. Aizman R. I., Korneeva T. V., Franovsky S. Yu., Turbinsky V. V., Bortnikova S. B., Nikiforova N. G., Ogudov A. S. Markers of biogeochemical monitoring in the sulpide ores tailings area. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2020, vol. 331, no. 3, pp. 145—158. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18799/24131830/2020/3/2557.

15. Kulikova A. A., Sergeeva Yu. A., Ovchinnikova T. I., Khabarova E. I. Formation of mine water composition and analysis of treatment methods. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 7, pp. 135—145. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-7-0-135-145.

16. Kulikova A. A., Khabarova E. I., Sergeeva Yu. A. Prospects for pressure-driven membrane technologies in mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 2, pp. 22—32. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-2-0-22-32.

17. Liu C., Wang C., Li Y. Ecological security pattern and spatial variation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area (Chongqing Section), China. Environ Dev Sustain. 2023, vol. 425, pp. 2368—2386. DOI: 10.1007/s10668-022-02147-3.

18. Gurbanov A. G., Shazzo Yu. K., Leksin A. B., Gazeev V. M., Dokuchaev A. Ya., Tsukanova L. E., Yakushev Ya. I., Semenova I. V., Isakov S. I. Industrial wastes of the Mizur mining and processing plant of the Sadonsky lead-zinc combine (geochemical features, assessment of their impact on the environmental situation of adjacent territories (soil and water of the Ardon River) Republic of North Ossetia-Alania)). Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2012, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 27—40. [In Russ].

19. Pryanichnikova E. V. Ekologo-geokhimicheskaya otsenka gornorudnogo rayona (na primere Sadono-Unal'skoy kotloviny, respublika Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya) [Ecological and geochemical assessment of the mining area (on the example of the Sadono-Unal basin, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania)], Candidate’s thesis, Moscow, 2005, 28 p.

20. Аl-Taani A. A., El-Radaiden N. M., Al Khateeb W. M. Status of water quality in King Talal Reservior Dam, Jordan. Water Resousces. 2018, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 603—614. DOI: 10.1134/ S0097807818040048.

21. Kamanina I. Z., Gustova M. V., Frontasyeva M. V., Kaplina S. P., Puhaeva N. E., Chigoeva D. N. Rare metals in the composition of waste from the Unalsky tailings dump. Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2018, no. 4, pp. 71—75. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.23671/VNC. 2018.4.23794.

22. Gurbanov A. G., LolaevA. B., LeksinA. B., Dzeboev S. O., Gazeev V. M., Dokuchaev A. Ya., Tsukanova L. E., Oganesyan A. Kh., Gurbanova O. A., Ilaev V. E. The main sources of water pollution by R. Ardon, its degree and scale of manifestation, estimated from the results of geochemical study of water samples from control points (RSO-A). Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2018, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 40—50. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2018.3.23772.

23. Rybnikova L. S. Protsessy formirovaniya podzemnykh vod v gornodobyvayushchikh rayonakh Srednego Urala na postekspluatatsionnom etape [Processes of formation of groundwater in the mining areas of the Middle Urals at the post-operational stage], Doctor’s thesis, Moscow, 2014, 43 p.

24. Kubalíková L., Balková M. Two-level assessment of threats to geodiversity and geoheritage. A case study from Hády quarries (Brno, Czech Republic). Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 2023, vol. 99. DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2022.107024.

25. Zvereva V. P., Frolov K. R., Lysenko A. I. Formation of mine drainage in the Far Eastern region and its impact on the ecosphere and public health. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2022, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 203—215. DOI: 10.17073/2500-0632-2022-3-203-215.

26. Kamanina I. Z., Gustova M. V., Frontasyeva M. V., Kaplina S. P., Pukhaeva N. E., Chigoeva D. N. Rare metals in the composition of Unal tailing waste. Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2018, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 71—75. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2018.4.23794.

27. Chigoeva D. N., Kamanina I. Z., Kaplina S. P. The content of heavy metals in watercourses in the area of the Unal tailing dump and the Ardon river. South of Russia: ecology, development. 2018, no. 2, pp. 113—122. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18470/1992-1098-2018-2-113-122.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.