Effect of hazardous exogenous processes on nature and manmade system stability: A case-study of а Fiagdon tailings pond

The field studies of the exogenous geological processes at Fiagdon tailings pond and in adjacent valley of the River Khanikomdon aim to identify the hazardous exogenous impacts on the stability of the test nature-and-technology system. The obtained data analysis has confirmed the hypothesis on the accelerated actuation of the exogenous geological processes in the areas which are partly or totally utilized industrially. Based on the theoretical and experimental research, it is stated that the current risk assessment of the hazardous exogenous processes in the submountain and mountain regions neglects the factors of climate and geodynamics, which produce an integrated effect by the way. Under the influence of these factors, the exogenous processes accelerate in the test area. The nature-and-technology system of Fiagdon tailings pond suffers a super load—this shows up as initiation of new sources of exogenous processes which exhibit dependence on the season and weather. The increasing geodynamic loading of the area aggravates the risk of repetitive occurrence of the hazardous exogenous processes such as various scale rock slides and rock falls, and local landslides. The research findings can help calculate the resistivity of a nature-and-technology system with regard to its dynamic load and can assist in construction of its relevant climatic model.

Keywords: techno genesis, tailings pond, environment, geomorphology characteristics, climate, meteorology, air circulation, geodynamics.
For citation:

Makovozova Z. E., Aksenova M. A., Keswani Chetan, Umirov B. Z. Effect of hazardous exogenous processes on nature and manmade system stability: A case-study of а Fiagdon tailings pond. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(7):76-87. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2023_7_0_76.


The research was carried out at the Southern Federal University at the expense of the Russian Science Foundation (Project No. RNF/23-37-GL, No. 23-77-00015).

Issue number: 7
Year: 2023
Page number: 76-87
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 551.2.3
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_7_0_76
Article receipt date: 29.04.2023
Date of review receipt: 02.06.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.06.2023
About authors:

Z.E. Makovozova, Cand. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Assistant Professor, Head of Chair, North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University), 362021, Vladikavkaz, Russia, e-mail: geologistik@bk.ru, ORCID ID: 0009-0000-3555-4394,
M.A. Aksenova, Assistant of Chair, Branch of Southern Federal University in Gelendzhik, Gelendzhik, Russia, e-mail: maaksenova@sfedu.ru, ORCID ID: 0009-0005-5482-4691,
Keswani Chetan, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Head of Laboratory, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, e-mail: kesvani@sfedu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2786-121X,
B.Z. Umirov, Lecturer, Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, Turkestan, Republic of Kazakhstan, E-mail: bauyrzhan.umirov@ayu.edu.kz, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4584-8860.


For contacts:

Z.E. Makovozova, e-mail: geologistik@bk.ru.


1. Tsgoev T. F., Gridnev E. A. Monitoring of exogenous geological processes in the territory of Republic of North Ossetia Alania: status, problems and measures to prevent them. Engineering and Construction Bulletin of the Caspian Region. 2015, no. 3(13), pp. 56—61. [In Russ].

2. Melikhov M. V. Features of geoinformation space monitoring of mining natural-technical systems. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 12-1, pp. 29—41. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2022_121_0_29.

3. Kolesnikova O., Syrlybekkyzy S., Fediuk R, Yerzhanov A., Nadirov R., Utelbayeva A., Agabekova A., Latypova M., Chepelyan L., Volokitina I., Vatin N. I., Kolesnikov A., Amran M. Thermodynamic simulation of environmental and population protection by utilization of technogenic tailings of enrichment. Materials. 2022, vol. 15, no. 19, article 6980. DOI: 10.3390/ ma15196980.

4. Strassburg B. B. N., Iribarrem A., Beyer H. L., Cordeiro C. L., Crouzeilles R., Jakovac C., Junqueira A. B., Lacerda E. R., Latawiec A., Balmford A., Brooks T., Butchart S. H. M., Chazdon R. L., Erb K.-H., Brancalion P. H. S., Buchanan G. M., Cooper H. D., Diaz S., Donald P. F., Kapos V., Leclère D., Miles L., Obersteiner M., Plutzar C., De Mattos Scaramuzza C. A., Scarano F. R., Visconti P. Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration. Nature. 2020, vol. 586, pp. 724—729. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9.

5. Klyuev R. V., Fomenko O. A., Gavrina O. A., Sokolov A. A., Sokolova O. A., Dzeranov B. V., Morgoev I. D., Zaseev S. G. Analysis of non-sinusoidal voltage at metallurgical enterprises. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019, vol. 663, no. 1, article 012032. DOI 10.1088/1757-899X/663/1/012032.

6. Sokolov A. A., Miroshnikov A. S., Sokolova E. A. Control algorithms for mining and metallurgical plant-ambient environment system stability. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 12, pp. 12—17. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.12.17.

7. Zvereva V. P., Frolov K. R., Lysenko A. I. Chemical reactions and conditions of mineral formation at tailings storage facilities of the Russian Far East. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2021, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 181—191. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17073/2500-0632-2021-3-181-191.

8. Gurbanov A. G., Leksin A. B., Gazeev V. M., Gurbanova O. A., Lolaev A. B., Tsukanova L. E., Ilaev V. E., Dzeboev S. O., Oganesyan A. Kh. Variations in the contents of macroand microelements in vertical sections in industrial waste of the Fiagdon tailing dump (Republic of North Ossetia-Alania). Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2019, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 55—64. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.1.27285.

9. Kamenetsky E. S., Radionoff A. A., Timchenko V. U., Panaetova O. S. Mathematical modeling of distribution of the chemicals and the solid phase of tailings deposited on the mountain gorge slopes near the Fiagdonskoye tailings, North Ossetia-Alania. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2022, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 349—361. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2022-14-3-349-361.

10. Kondratyev Y. I., Sokolova O. A., Aimbetova I. O., Galachieva S. V. Electrochemical metal leaching with added surfactant under the influence of infra-low-frequency current. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2021, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 591—598. DOI: [In Russ]. 10.21177/1998-4502-2021-13-4-591-598.

11. Duszyński F., Migoń P., Strzelecki M. C. Escarpment retreat in sedimentary tablelands and cuesta landscapes — Landforms, mechanisms and patterns. Earth-Science Reviews. 2019, vol. 196, article 102890. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.102890.

12. Singh V. K., Ansari T. A., Vishal V., Singh T. Landslide susceptibility analysis using numerical and neural network, Near Kedarnath, Uttarakhand, India. American Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2020, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 8—20. DOI: 10.3844/ajessp.2020.8.20.

13. Semyachkov A. I., Pochechun V. A. Estimation methodology of mining industrial complexes impact on environment. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2021, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 215—223. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2021-13-2-215-223.

14. Malneva I. V., Kononova N. K., Hadzhiev M. M. The role of technogenic impact in the development of dangerous geological processes in the mountain regions of the Northern Caucasus. The Life of the Earth. 2021, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 437—450. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.29003/ m2508.0514-7468.2020_43_4/437-450.

15. Sashurin A. D., Melnik V. V. Natural and man-made disasters at mining enterprises: origins and ways of warning. Problems of Subsoil Use. 2020, no. 4(27), pp. 4—13. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25635/2313-1586.2020.04.005.

16. Ganapathy G. P., Zaalishvili V. B., Chandrasekaran S. S., Melkov D. A. Integrated monitoring of slope processes in India and Russia. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2020, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 572—581. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2020-12-4-572-581.

17. Kornilkov S. V., Antoninova N. Yu., Shubina L. A., Sobenin A. V. On the issue of ecological rehabilitation of the natural ecosystem disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 3-1, pp. 465—474. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-31-0-465-474.

18. Chotchaev K. O., Melkov D. A., Ganapathy G. P. Active dynamics of technogenic landslide on the left board of the Khanikomdon river (North Ossetia). Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2021, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 66—76. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2021-13-1-66-76.

19. Rysin I. I., Golosov V. N., Grigoryev I. I., Zaitceva M. Yu. Influence of climate change on the rates of gully growth in the Vyatka-Kama watershed. Geomorfologiya. 2017, no. 1, pp. 90—103. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.15356/0435-4281-2017-1-90-103.

20. Kulikova E. Yu. Assessment of operating environment of concrete lining of sewage collector tunnels. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019, vol. 687, no. 4, article 044035. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/687/4/044035.

21. Gurbanov A. G., Gazeev V. M., Leksin A. B., Gurbanova O. A., Lolaev A. B., Oganesyan A. H., Dzeboev S. O. The assessment of the scale and extent of the negative impact of the Fiagdon tailings dam on the ecosystem. Vestnik of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre. 2020, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 54—62. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.46698/d5387-0147-5683-x.

22. Kulikova E. Yu., Balovtsev S. V. Risk control system for the construction of urban underground structures. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020, vol. 962, no. 4, article 042020. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/962/4/042020.

23. Zvereva V. P., Frolov K. R., Lysenko A. I. Formation of mine drainage in the Far Eastern region and its impact on the ecosphere and public health. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2022, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 203—215. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17073/2500-0632-2022-3-203-215.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.