Accident risk monitoring in underground space development

Underground construction calls for specific approaches to development of underground space considering a variety of complicating factors. These approaches should to the full extent take into account: the dynamic and multivariate geological and hydrogeological conditions, the exclusive ecological and occupational safety standards, the necessity and expedience of advanced construction technologies and their implementation quality control. It is required to execute the accident risk monitoring in underground construction, aimed at the diagnostics of ‘failures’ which arise from errors of personnel, in case of deviation from the assumed technology or in faulty operation of equipment, and at the estimate of ‘maximal hypothetical accidents’. This article offers assessment of causes of emergencies, describes the accident risk monitoring structure in underground construction, and shows the monitoring objectives and execution sequence. The basic methods and goals of the accident risk monitoring are specified. The accident risk monitoring should represent a component of the ecological and occupational safety control in underground construction, and should provide the preliminary risk assessment, the estimate of off-normal situation dynamics and their after-effect analysis. All monitoring efforts should be aimed at the enhancement of ecological and occupational safety and at the minimization of risks. The ultimate objective of the risk management in this case is the science-based supervision of underground construction on the ground of accident risk monitoring and subsequent modeling in the multiparametric construction technology–equipment–personnel–environment system. Here, the monitoring becomes an interactive tool of the ecological and occupational safety management in development of underground space.

Keywords: monitoring, accident risk prediction, safety declaration, emergency, multiparametric system.
For citation:

Kulikova E. Yu., Konyukhov D. S. Accident risk monitoring in underground space development. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(1):97-103. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_1_0_97.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 1
Year: 2022
Page number: 97-103
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 624.1
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_1_0_97
Article receipt date: 22.10.2021
Date of review receipt: 24.11.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.12.2021
About authors:

E.Yu. Kulikova1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: fragrante@mail.ru,
D.S. Konyukhov1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: gidrotehnik@inbox.ru,
1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.

 

For contacts:

E.Yu. Kulikova, e-mail: fragrante@mail.ru.

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