Allowable occupational injury risk assessment in coal mining industry

Authors: Kabanov E I

The article focuses on the assessment of allowable occupational risk using the riskoriented approach to safety in coal mines. The author has analyzed the prevailing practice of application of the allowable risk factors and proposed the assessment method of allowable occupational risk using the developed computation model. The scientific novelty of the research consists in the origination of an economic mathematical model which includes the dependence of the allowable occupational risk on the key economic factors—the profit margin and the social and economic damage because of industrial accidents. With this method and using 2020 statistics, the author has evaluated the allowable occupation fatal injury risk for coal mines. The practical relevance of the research consists in the building of an algorithm for calculating valid indicators of the allowable occupational risk. The use of these indicators can improve the quality of occupational risk assessment and enhance the objectiveness of managerial decisionmaking in coal mining. The approach is tested as a comparative case-study of the calculated allowable occupational fatal injury risk and the actual data on injured mine personnel over the period of 2016–2021. It is shown that the allowable occupational risk level is exceeded by many times because of some sources of hazard. The sources of hazard are ranked with respect to the urgency level of additional arrangements aimed to improve safety.

Keywords: risk-oriented approach, risk management, occupational risk, allowable risk, occupational safety, industrial safety, coal mining industry, open pit coal mining, underground coal mining.
For citation:

Kabanov E. I. Allowable occupational injury risk assessment in coal mining industry. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(5):167-180. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2022_5_0_167.


The study was carried out and supported under the state contract in the sphere of science in 2021, Contract No. FSRW-2020-0014.


Issue number: 5
Year: 2022
Page number: 167-180
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 331.461
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_5_0_167
Article receipt date: 10.03.2022
Date of review receipt: 17.03.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2022
About authors:

E.I. Kabanov, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Saint Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7580-9099.


For contacts:

1. Lind N. Social and economic criteria of acceptable risk. Reliability Engineering & System Safety. 2002, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 21–25. DOI: 10.1016/s0951-8320(02)00051-0.

2. Balovtsev S. V. Explosion safety procedure for working areas in coal mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. 11, pp. 218—226. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-110-218-226.

3. Rodionov V. A., Tsygankov V. D., Zhikharev S. Ya., Kormshchikov D. S. Research procedure for coal dust aerodynamics in long roadways. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 10, pp. 69—79. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_10_0_69.

4. Argimbaev K. R. Technogenic deposit reclamation as an environmental protection factor. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2019, vol. 14, no. 17, pp. 6342—6345. DOI: 10.36478/jeasci.2019.6342.6345.

5. Takhanov D., Muratuly B., Rashid Z., Kydrashov A. Geomechanics substantiation of pillars development parameters in case of combined mining the contiguous steep ore bodies. Mining of Mineral Deposits. 2021, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 50—58. DOI: 10.33271/mining15.01.050.

6. Kretschmann J., Plien M., Nguyen N., Rudakov M. Effective capacity building by empowerment teaching in the field of occupational safety and health management in mining. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020, vol. 242, pp. 248—256. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2020.2.248.

7. Mikhaylova V. N., Balovtsev S. V., Khristoforov N. R. Assessment of occupational hearing disorder on the violation of Article 27 of Federal Law 52 in mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. 5, pp. 228—234. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-5-0-228-234.

8. Marhavilas P. K., Koulouriotis D. E. Risk-acceptance criteria in occupational health and safety risk-assessment — the state-of-the-art through a systematic literature review. Safety. 2021, vol. 7, no. 4. DOI: 10.3390/safety7040077.

9. Wang Y., Zhang L. Feature-based evidential reasoning for probabilistic risk analysis and prediction. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence. 2021, vol. 102, article 104237. DOI: 10.1016/j.engappai.2021.104237.

10. Chemezov E. N. Industrial safety principles in coal mining. Journal of Mining Institute. 2019, vol. 240, pp. 649—653. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2019.6.649.

11. Bouafia A., Bougofa M., Rouainia M., Medjram M. S. Safety risk analysis and accidents modeling of a major gasoline release in petrochemical plant. Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention. 2020, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 358—369. DOI: 10.1007/s11668-020-00826-9.

12. Aloqaily A. Cross-country pipeline risk assessments and mitigation strategies. Cambridge: Elsevier, 2018, 185 p. DOI: 10.1016/C2017-0-02309-1.

13. Guidelines for developing quantitative safety risk criteria. Center for Chemical Process Safety. New Jersey, 2009, 211 p. DOI: 10.1002/9780470552940.

14. Smith D. J. Reliability, maintainability and risk. Oxford: Elsevier, 2011, 436 p.

15. Vrijling J. K., Van Geldera P. H. A. J. M., Ouwerkerk S. J. Criteria for acceptable risk in the Netherlands. Infrastructure risk management processes: natural, accidental, and deliberate hazards. Reston, VA: ASCE Council on Disaster Risk Management, 2005, pp. 145—157. DOI: 10.1061/9780784408155.ch05.

16. Reznikov D. O., Makhutov N. A., Yudina O. N. Management of risks induced by hazardous industrial facilities. Procedia Structural Integrity. 2020, vol. 28, pp. 1360–1368. DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.10.107.

17. Gridina E. B., Kovshov S. V., Borovikov D. O. Hazard mapping as a fundamental element of OSH management systems currently used in the mining sector. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2022, no. 1, pp. 107—115. DOI: 10.33271/nvngu/2022-1/107.

18. Kelly K. E. The myth of 10–6 as a definition of acceptable risk (Or «In Hot Pursuit of Superfund’s Holy Grail»). Vancouver: Environmental Toxicology International Inc., 1991, 10 p.

19. Mantel N., Bryan W. R. «Safety» Testing of Carcinogenic Agents. Journal of National Cancer Institute. 1961, no. 27, pp. 455–470. DOI: 10.1093/jnci/27.2.455.

20. Korshunov G. I., Kabanov E. I., Cehlár M. Occupational risk management in a mining enterprise with the aid of an improved matrix method for risk assessment. Acta Montanistica Slovaca. 2020, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 289–301. DOI: 10.46544/AMS.v25i3.3.

21. Gendler S. G., Kochetkova E. A., Samarov L. J. Evaluation of financial investment in the labor protection of coal mines. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2014, no. 4, pp. 50–53. [In Russ].

22. Legasov V. A., Demin V. F., Shevelev Ya. V. Ekonomika bezopasnosti yadernoy energetiki [Nuclear power's safety economics], Moscow, 1984, 52 p.

23. SPC/Permissioning/37: Guidance on ALARP Decisions in COMAH, available at: https:// (accessed 02.03.2022).

24. O finansovykh rezul'tatakh deyatel'nosti organizatsiy v 2020 godu, available at: https:// (accessed 02.03.2022). [In Russ].

25. Tarzanov I. G., Gubanov D. A. Russia’s coal industry performance for January–December 2020. Ugol'. 2021, no. 3, pp. 24—42. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2021-3-27-43.

26. Bykov A. A. On methodology for economic assessment of the value of statistical life (explanatory note). Issues of risk analysis. 2007, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 178—191. [In Russ].

27. Gorshkova V. E., Anishchenko Yu. V., Egorova M. A. Assessment of the company's costs in the event of an accident with an employee. Core — Aggregating the world’s open access research papers, available at: (accessed 02.03.2022). [In Russ].

28. Godovoy otchet o deyatel'nosti Federal'noy sluzhby po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru [Federal service on environmental, technological and atomic supervision. Annual report on the activities in 2020], Moscow, ZAO «NTTS PB», 2021, 369 p.

29. Nevolina E. M., Shishkina S. V. Development of mine personnel competences as a method to ensure occupational safety. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 5-1, pp. 336–349. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_336.

30. Ovchinnikova T. I., Pototskiy E. P., Firsova V. M. Risk-based approach to hazard assessment in the mining industry. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 2-1, pp. 199–208. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-202121-0-199-208.

31. Zinovieva O. M., Merkulova A. M., Smirnova N. A., Shcherbakova E. A. Psychosocial risk management in mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 1, pp. 20—33. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_1_0_20.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.